Abbildungen der Seite
PDF
EPUB

He ( 130 ) to Hearse, to put in a coffin. MV. 3, 1. H.1, 4. Heart, the very essence of a thing, the utmost of it possible. AC. 4, 10. TA. 1, 1. Heartburnt, affected with pain at the mouth of the stomach. MA. 2, 1. aHd. 3, 3. to Heat, to run a heat, as in a race.

T. 1, 2.

Kin to the gr. aithō, lat. aestus, germ. Hitze. to Heave, to lift up. KJ. 5, 2. He. 5. ch. bнƒ. 5, 1. Co. 2, 2. Kin to heft, by the gr. keō, keuō, to be hollow, and light, gr. kuphos, whence heaven, that which is raised. Heaves, sighs, groans. H. 4, 1. Heaviness, sadness, melancholy. MV. 2, 8. Ꭱb. 2, 2.

Hebenon, ebony, the juice of which was sup-
posed to be a deadly poison. H. 1, 5. Grey
deemed it to be the same word with henbane;
Steevens, Nares and Douce Ill. of Sh. II, 225.
deny it. The transposition alone, however, can
not decide; and the last syllable bane seems to
conceal some root like the lat. venenum, gr.
pheno, phonos, to kill, murder, as hen perhaps
canna, which in Lat. is sometimes cicuta, gr.
kōneion. It is curious, that also hemlock has
this assonance. Henbane is hyoscyamus.
to Hedge, to inclose with a hedge. JC. 4, 3.
to hide one's self, to creep into a corner. MWV.
2, 2. Hh. 3, 2. TC. 3, 1. Hedge is the sax.
hegge, germ. Hag, kin to haw, Häcke, fr.
haye, middlelat. haga, haya, heia, haia.
Hedgepriest, priest that has no parish. LL.
5, 2.
Heed, care, caution, screen. LL. 1, 1. He.
5, 2. Hh. 3, 2. Co. 5, 5. Confounded with head,
wh. s.
Kin to the gr. keuthō, to conceal,
hat, lat. cutis, germ. Haut, Kutte, Hütte,
Schote, Hut, hüten.

Heel. Out at heels, almost ruined. MW. 1, 3.
KL. 2, 2. To show a fair pair of heels, to
leap off, to run away, to desert. aHd. 2, 4.
Sax. hel, hele, lat. calx, kin to the gr. chēlē,
gyllos.

[ocr errors]

and henxman are but varieties of spelling. To this attendance belonged also the bhaird, the blaidier, or master of ceremony, the gillymore, or armsbearer; the gilly casflue, that bears him on back through fens; gilly comstraine, who leads the horse at the bridle on steep ways; gillytersh harnish, who bears the wallet; and the piper. S. Burt's letters on Scotland II, 61. Walter Scott's Waverley I, 239.

to Hend, or hent, to seize, take, hold. MM.
4, 6. WT. 4, 1. From hand. Hence
Hent, hold, opportunity. H. 3, 3. To substi-
tute it 0.1, 3. for it was my hint, and upon
this hint, seems unnecessary, at least in the
last passage.

Heralds. Their office was to inquire into the lineage of combattants, to announce war or peace (KJ. 4, 2.), to be messengers, hence for sign, annunciation (MA. 2, 1.), to arraign feasts. Their chief was called king of arms, chief of 12 marshals, or pursuivants. The gr. word in kēryx, kin to the hebr. kara, to cry, pro

claim.

to Herald, to marshal. M. 1, 3.
Heraldry, art of blazoning. MD. 3, 2; coat
of arms. AW. 2, 3. O. 3, 4; field, ground of
an escutcheon armorial in colours, or generally
colour. H. 2, 2. TL. 7.
Here's no an ironical exclamation, implying
that there is a great abundance of this or that.
aHd. 5, 8. TAn. 4, 2. So here's much (wh. s.)
AL. 4, 3.
Herod, represented in the old moralities as a
tyrant of very violent temper. H. 3, 2. AC. 1,2.
3, 3. 3, 6. MIV. 2, 1. He. 3, 3. Douce's Ill.
of Sh. I, 136.

-

Hest, anciently heast, command, order. T. 1, 2.
3, 1. Kin to hight, sax. haetan, icel. heita,
germ. heissen, Geheiss.
Heyday, transport, licentiousness, extrava-
gancy, rashness. H. 3, 4. (LL.5, 1. hey). Hay-
digyes, a sort of rural dance, spelt also hy-
daygies, hydegy, heydayguise, seem to be
but varieties, partly lengthened, partly glozed,
of heyday; for day is the sax. daeg, and hey
the interjection of admiration, mirth, joy
(MA. 2, 3.), answering the gr. iō, or eua, euoi,
iauoi, might very fitly be used as substantive
or adjective, like hum. He. 4, ch. Co. 5, 4.
Hide, skin. H. 5, 1. TS. 2, 1. KJ. 2, 1. From

the gr. kytos, skytos, sax. hyd, hyde, germ. Haut, by keuthein, to cover, conceal. S. heed. Hide fox and all after, a sport among children, the same as hide and seek, whoop and hide. H. 4, 2.

to Heel, to move the heel, to dance, jump. TC. 4, 4. Perhaps from the gr. hallesthai. Heft, heaving, reaching. WT. 2, 1. Tenderhefted, heaved, agitated by tenderness or weighed. KL. 2, 4. Perhaps it is in this meaning from the germ. heften, to join, to compound. The reading hested is too artificial. Heifer, a young cow. WT. 1, 2. TC, 3, 2. distinguished from the calf. bHd. 2, 2. bHƒ. 3, 2. Sax. heafore, from the germ. Far, Farre, hebr. phar, gr. poris, porrhis, portis, portax. Heir, heiress. LL. 2, 1.1 Hell, jocularly, an obscure dungeon in a prison. CE. 4, 2. Sax. helle, hylle, goth. halje, from to Hight, to be called, ycleped. LL. 1, 1. MD. helan, old engl. to hale, heal, hil, tegere, 5, 1. S. hest. germ. hehlen. Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 877. Helm, steerage. cHf. 5, 4; helmet. AW. 3, 8.. Rc. 3, 2. 5, 3. Co. 4, 5. TC. 1, 2. 5, 2. Helterskelter, on a hurry. bHd. 5, 3. Hem, border, skirt, edge. TA. 5, 6. To cry hem MA. 5, 2. AL. 5, 2. Tyrrwh. explains to cry courage; may be only expression of indifference and want of interest, like to cry humph a Hd. 3, 1. Hemlock, cicuta L. M. 4, 1. He. 5, 2. KL. 4, 4. Sax. hemleac. Lock in this word, points at leek, wh. s. gr. lachanon. Hem is from ōmos. Henchman, page, attendant. MD. 2, 2. also henchboy. From haunch, wh. s., therefore the confident of a chief, that on drinking bouts stands attending near his haunch. Henshman

High proof, highly. MA. 5, 1.

Hild for held, for the sake of a rhyme. TL. 180.
Hilding, base, low, menial wretch. Cy. 2, 3.
He. 4, 2. coward. AW. 3, 6. TS. 2, 1. RJ. 2, 5.
Horne Tooke Div. of P. II, 314. and others
derive it from the sax. hyldan, to squat, so
that it would be analogous to coward, wh. s.
Another etymology is hinderling a devonshire
word signifying degenerate; or hireling, hind-
ling. Perhaps there assonates the gr. kylla for
skylax, kin to kyōn, dog. Kynteros is an
epitheton of women in Homer, and signifies
more impudent, or shameless.
Hilt, handle of a sword, broad sword. aHd.
2, 4. From to hold. S. Horne Tooke Div. of P.
II, 66.

Him, for the nominative, the person. WT.1, 2.
Hind, servant. MW. 3, 5. CE. 3, 1. LL. 1, 2.
aHd. 2, 3. bHf. 3, 2. 4, 2. RJ. 1, 1; roe. Rc.
2, 4. MD. 2, 2. From the gr. hynnas, hynnos,
hinnus, germ. Hinde, Hindin, kin to ginny;
and in the first meaning the middlelat. hindeni,
homines societatis contubernii. Dufresne, un-
doubtedly those who are behind a chief, who
follow.
Hinges, hooks; of a door. O. 3, 3. where it is
used metaphorically for that upon which turns,
on which may be hanged (a doubt); of the knee.
H.3, 2. as to hinge the knee TA. 4, 3. to bend.
It is kin to haunch, wh. s. Horne Tooke Div.
of P. II, 358. refers it to hang, that may assonate.
Hint, suggestion, intimation; cause, subject

Hold, fort, citadel. bHd. 1, 1.

To cry hold, an authorative way of separating fighting persons. M. 1, 5. Hold was also the word of yielding. M. 5, 7.

to

T. 1, 2, 2, 1. 0.1, 3. (S. hent.). Horne Tooke II, 352. from hentan, capere, to take hold of. It seems, however, rather to be derived from the goth. sind, sintha, way, journey, and of course kind to the germ. senden, the gr. hodos. Hip, haunch, waist; CE. 3, 2. To have on the hip, to have at an entire advantage; a phrase originated from hunting. MV. 1, 3. 4, 1. O. to Holla, to cry or call Holla, to make re2, 1; fruit of a brier; or a wild rosebush. TA. 4, 3.

Hold, to fit, to fit well, aHd. 1, 1; to endure, be avouched, confirmed Rc. 2, 3, To hold off, to keep off; to abstain, to refuse. TC. 1, 2. It holds current, it is done, agreed, sure. aHd. 2, 1. To take hold, to requite. Rc. 2, 1. To hold the bent, to stand out, to keep ground, to endure. TN. 2, 4. Holding, burden, chorus. AC. 2, 7. Hole, perforation for a peg of a musical instrument. TS. 3, 1. Holidame. TS. 5, 2. S. Halidam.

sound. TN. 1, 5.

Hiren, a corruption of the name of Irene, the fair Greek, first broached perhaps by G. Peele in his Turkish Mahomet and Hiren, the fair Greek. bHd. 2, 4. it seems the name of Pistol's sword.

His was supposed the legitimate formative of the genitive case of nouns. Hence phrases as Vincentio his son TS. 1, 1. the duke his gallies TN. 3, 3. Sir Robert's his shape. KJ. 1, 1. Hive, habitation or cell of bees. AW. 1, 2. aHf. 1, 5.

Hoar, hoary (Cy. 5. endsong) white or grey
for frost or age. TA. 4, 8. RJ. 2, 4. H. 4, 7.
Kin to the hebr. chur, bask. churia, albus.
to Hoar, to make white, to bleak. TA. 4, 3..
Hoard, store, stock, treasure. MD. 4, 1. bHd.

4,3. Sax. hord, germ. Hort, kin to herd, hurd,
by the gr. horan, fr. garder, germ. wahren,

warten.

Hoiden, anciently a leveret, animal remarkable for its vivacity and was formerly applied to the youth of both sexes, though now confined to designate a wild romping girl. CE. 4, 2. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. VI, 171.

to

Hoise, hoist, to heave, lift. bHf. 1, 1. Rc. 3, 4. AC. 4, 10. H. 3, 4. From the fr. hausser, lows. hissen.

2, 4. bHf. 4, 10.

Hobnob, most evidently a corruption of habbe, or nabbe, have or have not, habnab, used convivially to ask a person, whether he will have a glass of wine, or not, also to mark an alternative of another kind. TN. 3, 4. Hogshead, a measure of liquids, containing 68 galloons. LL. 4, 2. WT. 3, 3. bHd. 2, 4.

Hollowmas. Rb. 5, 1. S. Hallowmas.
Holly, ilex aquifolium L. AL, 2, 7: Germ.
Stechpalme, Walddistel.

Holp, holpen, old preterit and participle of to help. KJ. 1, 1. Co. 5, 3. 4, 6. CE. 4, i. Holyday. To speak holyday, to speak in a Holyrood day, festival in honour of the cross. fustian style. MIV. 3, 2.

alld. 1, 1.

Home, to the point, complete in its full extent, round on, strictly, soundly, courageously. AW. 5, 3. WT. 5, 8. M. 1, 3. TAn. 4, 3. Cy. 3, 5. 4, 2. KL. 3, 3. O. 2, 1. Sax. ham, from haeman, coire. Horne Tooke Div. of P. IL 847. kin to humus, hebr. am, people, gr. homu, hama, amydis, totality, icel. heima, heimar, germ. heimlich, heimeln, anheimeln, Heimath.

Homely, plain, coarse, rude, clownish, harsh, unmannerly. TG. 1, 1. WT. 4, 3. bHd. 4, 4. cHf. 2, 5.

to Hoard, to heap up, to pile up, to spare. Rb. 1, 3. Co. 4, 2. bHƒ. 3, 1. cHf. 2, 2. Hobbyhorse, a small horse; a personage belong

Honest as the skin between his brows, a proverbial saying. MA. 3, 5. of unknown origin.

as a neuter verb, to court, to call each other honey. H. 3, 4.

ing to the ancient morris dance, when complete, to Honey, to sweeten, delight, coax, flatter;
and made by the figure of a horse fastened
round to the waist of a man, his own legs
going through the body of the horse and en-
abling him to walk, but concealed by a long
footcloth, while false legs appeared, where
those of the man should be at the sides of the to
horse. Latterly it was frequently omitted,
whence a popular ballad, in which was this
burden 'For O, for O, the hobbyhorse is forgot'
LL. 3, 1. H. 3, 2. The Puritans were parti-Hoodman blind, the childish sport blindman's
cularly inveterate enemies against the hobby-| buff. H. 3, 4.

Honey stalks, clover flowers, which contain
a sweet juice. Cattle overcharge themselves
often with clover and die. TAn. 4, 4.
Hood, to cover with a hood. (Hh. 3, 1.) or
cap properly the hawk's eyes, when he is not
to fly. He. 3, 7. MV. 2, 2. MM. 5, 1. Kin to
heed, wh. s.

horse. S. Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 468. Hobby to Hoodwink, to hood, wh. s., to blench, is kin to the gr. hippos.

Hobgoblin. MD. 2, 1. S. goblin.
Hobnail, a nail used in shoeing a horse. aHd.

blind, cover the hawk's eyes; to hide, conceal,
abscond. T. 4, 1. Cy. 5, 2. RJ. 1, 3. to deceive.
AW.3, 6.

Hook, battle-ax. aHd. 2, 4; a bent pin for fish-
ing. MA. 2, 8. Cy. 5, 5. Kin to hinge, wh. s.
and to hatch, gr, onkos etc.
Hoop, wooden or iron circle to bind casks. T.
1, 2. bHd. 4, 4. AC. 2, 2; quart pot, being
anciently made with staves, bound together
with hoops, as barrels are. They were usually
three in number; hence threehoop'd pot, bHf.

( 132 ) 4, 2. giglot, strumpet, drab. LL. 3. end. Kin to Kufe, Küpe, Hafen, gr. kymbe by kyō, kaō, chaō; further to upupa, gr. epops, fr. huppe.

to Hoot, to cry scornfully. WT. 5, 8. JC. 1, 2. Co. 4, 6. The provincial germ. utzen, from the gr. ōtos, owl. Cf. to gleek.

to Hop, to jump, skip lightly. AC. 2, 2. bHf. 1, 3. TS. 4, 8. Germ. hüpfen, kin to heave. Hope, expectation. aHd. 1, 2. to hope. AC. 2, 1.

Hornbook, crossrow. LL. 5, 1.

Horologe, clock. O. 2, 8. Lat. horologium. Horse. A catalogue of horse diseases is TS. 3, 2.

Horseleech, bloodsucker. He. 2, 3. Hose, breeches, or stockings, or both in one. MW. 3, 1. aHd. 2, 4. LL. 4, 3. Fr. chausses, (perhaps from the lat. calceus) kin to the gr. keuthō, chitōn, germ. Kutte, Kittel, fr. cotillon, boh. calhotti, fr. culottes. Host, army, head of war. KJ. 5, 2. to Host, to take up abode, to lodge. CE. 1, 2. AW. 3, 5.

Hotspur, warm, vehement, or a person of vehement and warm disposition. aHd. 5, 2. cf. bHd. 1, 1. Hothouse, bagnio, from the hot bathes there used, brothel. MM. 2, 1. Hovel, cabin, cottage. KL. 3, 2. Kin to hob, germ. Hube, Hufe, scot. howf, houff, hoff, hove, hoif, hufe; scyth. apia, earth, may be to sheaf. to Hovel, to shelter in a hovel, to harbour. KL. 4, 7. Hounds of Crete He. 2, 1. and of Sparta MD. 4, 1. were bloodhounds. Hour as dissyllable. S. Malone to S. 5. Howlet, little owl. M. 4, 1.

to Hor, to hough, to cut the hamstrings. WT. 1, 2. Kin to hatch, hacher, germ. hauen. to Huddle, to do speedily and carelessly, to throw together in confusion. MA. 2, 1. MV. 4, 1. Germ. hudeln, kin to fuddle, by the gr. hyō, hydō, hyzō, whence hythlos. Hue, colour, die. MV. 2, 7. LL. 4, 8; coil, tumult, chiefly joined with cry. aHd. 2, 4. towards the end. The sax. hiw, hiwe, hiu, the same word, it seems, as die, from the gr. deuō, to benet. In the second meaning it is the interjection iō, iu, likewise as iō is for ia, iōë, cry.

to Hu ug, to be put in a stable, to be stabled. KJ. 5, 2; to embrace, clasp, fondle, treat with tenderness. MV. 2, 6. AW. 2, 3. TA. 4, 8. JC. 1, 2. Kin to the germ. hegen, or hägen; to hedge, and hätscheln. Huggermugger, in secrecy or concealment. H.4, 5. It is spelt also hokermoker, huckermucker. Perhaps there assonates the germ. hocken (cf. to hack) and muchsen, mucksen,

to mutter.

Hulk, ship, particularly a heavy one. TC. 2, 3. aHf. 5, 6. Kin to the gr. holkas, and to bulk, belly, gr. koilos, and other words of this kind. to Hull, to float by the effect of the waves on the mere hull, or body of a vessel, to drive to and fro upon the water without sails or rudder. TN. 1, 5. Hh. 2, 4. Humour was a fashionable word in the time of

humour, and by Sh. in his foolish Nym. Jonson II, 16. defines it 'whatsoe'er has fluxure and humidity. As wanting power to contain itself. By metaphor it may apply itself unto the general disposition, as when some one peculiar quality does so possess a man, that it doeth draw all his affects, his spirits and his powers in their confluctions, all to run one way.' This definition arose from the natural philosophy of that time, by which man's disposition was supposed to be modified and determinated by one of four humours, or fluids, prevalent, which was his very humour. Blood, phlegm, choler and melancholy were the four humours, from whom arose the sanguine, phlegmatic, choleric and melancholic temperament, as so many mental humours. The earliest and oldest philosophy, however, deemed fire and water to be the elements or principles of bodily being, so that, where water prevailed or got the better, a thing was more bodily and dispirited, of course also the word or speech, as embodied spirit, or mind, a thoughtless babble, fleering, and flirting indeed, but destroying itself by this self-same nature, and restoring in this way the originary clear calm of mind. The kumour of poetry was therefore intermediate passage from the sensible and perceptible world into the mental and innermost life. This idea has been explained chiefly by german philosophers. S. Solger's Erwin, oder vier Gespräche über das Schöne und die Kunst (Berl. 1815. II, 8.) und Wagner der Scherz. Leips. 1822. 8. Humorous, moist, humid, wet. RJ. 2, 1; ca

pricious. bHd. 4, 4. AL. 1, 2. TC. 2, 3. to Hunt counter, to pursue the game by going the wrong way. CE. 4, 2. where counter is a quibble for compter prison. cf. bHd. 1, 2. Hunt's up, noise made to rouse a person as a young bride in a morning; originally a tune played to wake the sportsmen and call them together, the purport of which was The hunt is up. RJ. 3, 5: Hurdle, texture of sticks woven together. S. hoard, hard; grate, dray, sledge. RJ. 3, 5. to Hurl, to fling, throw. Rc. 1, 4. AC. 1, 2. TN. 3, 2. Kin to whirl, germ. querlen, wirreln, ferlen, gr. gyrun, cf. carol. Hurly burly, alarum, trouble. M. 1, 1. aHd. 5, 1. There assonates perhaps hurl and broil. Hurricano, hurricane, anciently herocane, herricane, waterspout. KL. 3, 2. TC. 5, 2. From the goth. horra, hurra, hyra, to drive, to move vehemently, kin to the gr. orō, to excite, orgazō, orgainō.

to Hurtle, to clash together, to move with impetuosity and tumult. AL. 4, 8. JC. 2, 2. Amplified form of to hurt.

to Hush, to silence. Co. 5, 3. TN. 5, 1. Hush, still, silenced, calm. H. 2, 2. Kin to the germ. huschen, husch, fr. cacher. Husks, shells that remain of the barley or malt. TC. 4, 5. AL. 1, 1. aHd. 4, 2. He. 4, 2. Kin to hose, cod, wh. s. Huswife, country-woman. AL. 4, 3. Co. 1, 8; drab. He. 5, 1.

1.

Shakspeare, abused and misapplied exceedingly I for aye. TG. 1, 14. RJ. 3, 2.

often, therefore ridiculed by Jonson in Every I pronoun, sometimes repeated in colloquial

man out of his humour, and Every man in his use. bHd. 2, 4. RJ. 3, 1.

[blocks in formation]

In few, or in a few, in few words, in short.
a Hd. 1, 2. TS. 1, 2.
Inaidable, incapable of receiving aid, aidless,
helpless. AW. 2, 1. From the fr. aide.
Incapable, unconscious, not having any com-
prehension of circumstances H. 4, 7. From the
lat. capere, capax, gr. chaō.
Incardinate, incarnate. Unusual, or rather
an intended blunder. TN. 5, 1.

to Incarnardine, incarnadine, to make red,
or of a carnation colour. M.2, 2.

to Incense, insense, to put sense into, to instruct, inform. Rc. 3, 2. 5, 1. MA. 5, 1. It is said to be a provincial expression in Staffordshire, and probably Warwickshire. It seems not quite exceptionless, to derive it absolutely from sense, since the meaning of to inflame, kindle may produce also the notion of abetting, and has an analogy in the root of this latter word.

to Imp, to insert a new feather into the wing or tail of a hawk, in the place of a broken one. Rb. 2, 1. From the gr. emphyteuein, emphyein, whence the germ. empten, impten, impfen, to graff.

rer,

to Impair, to diminish, weaken, enfeeble,
waste. MD. 3, 2. cHf. 2, 6. The fr. word
from the lat. peiorare.
Impair, unequal, unworthy. TC. 4, 5.
to Impale, to encircle as with a pale. cHf. 3, 2.
From the lat. palus, germ. Pfahl.
Impartial, partial; im being made intensive
instead of negative, unless it has its usual
force, when partial, wh. s. is used for impar-
tial. MM. 5, 1. Impartial in the modern sense
for unpartial. Rb. Í, 1.
Impartment, act of imparting, communication.
й. 1, 4.

Impasted, incrusted, formed into a paste.
H. 2, 2. From the fr. pâte, by the gr. pessō.
to Impeach, to stop, hinder; to bring into
question, to taint, hurt, prejudice, disparage.
MD. 2, 2. MV. 3, 1; to accuse. KJ. 2, 1; to
blame. Rb. 1, 1; appeach. AW. 1, 3. In the
first meaning it is the fr. empêcher, lat. im-
pedire; in the second the lat. petere, petessere.
Impeach, impeachment, trial, accusation. CE.
5, 1.
Impeachment, hinderance, obstruction. He.
3, 6.
Imperseverant, strongly persevering. Cy. 4, 1.
Impeticos, impeticoe, purposely corrupted
for to put into the pocket. TN. 2, 3.

to Impone, to lay down, or lay as a stake or
wager. Affected word. H. 5, 2. S. article.
to Import, to signify, be of moment, to involve.
0.4, 2. KL. 4, 3. TC. 4, 2. KL. 4, 5. RJ. 5, 1
H. 3, 2.5, 2.
Importance, importunity. TN. 5, 1. KJ. 2, 1.
Important, importunate, violent. AW. 3, 7.
ČE. 5, 1. MA. 2, 1. Fr. emportant.
Importless, not important, of no serious im-
port. TC. 1, 3.
Importunacy, importunity. TG. 4, 2. TA.2, 2.
Impose, imposition, command. TG. 4, 3.
Imposition, imposture, deceit. MV.3,4. AWV.

4, 4; order, duty imposed. MV.1, 2. AW.4,4
Impostume, sore. H. 4, 4. Gr. apostēma.
to Impound, to lock, pen up, to inclose. He.
1, 2. S. to pound.
Impregnable, impenetrable, invincible, in-
expugnable. Rb. 3, 2. From the fr. prendre,
on account of the nasal sound.
Imprese, impresa, impress, device, emblem,
symbol, motto, favourite sentence on a shield.
Rb. 3, 1; pressure, (impress) TG. 3, 2. To
press seems, however, the root also in the
first meaning, those emblems being no doubt
impressed or engraved.

empi-Inch, an erse word for island. M. 1, 2. In all
kindred dialects, an abridgement of the latin
insula. The engl. inch is from uncia. Inches
(of some body) seem to mean the whole com-
plexion till at the meanest strokes and elements.
So when Cleopatra AC. 1, 3. says to Ant. I
would I had thy inches, she means, I would
I were thyself. Hence of his (her, their etc.)
inches, or to his iuches TC. 4, 5. is wholly,
fundamentally, from the bottom, radically, to
the bottom. Cf. Ben Jons. IV, 513. VI, 26.
VII, 401. ed. Gifford.
Inchased, laced, quartered. bHf. 1, 2.
Inchmeal, by inchmeal, by pieces of an inch
long at a time, by and by. T. 2, 2.
Incision. To make incision is partly an act of
romantic gallantry by which young men, to
show their devout attachment to their mistresses
punctured or stabbed their arms with daggers
and mingling the blood with wine, drank it off
to their healths. LL. 4, 3. MV. 2, 1. partly
and originally a surgical operation, either of
phlebotomy, transferred to fighting. bHd. 2, 4
cf. He. 4, 2. Rb. 1, 1. or of couching a cata-
ract, whence AL. 3, 2. god make incision in
thee, god open to thee the intelligence, god
give thee understanding. A similar phrase is
in Germany einem den Staar stechen.

1

to Inclip, to close up, to encompass; embrace. AC. 2, 7. S. to clip, clasp.

to Include, to conclude, close, or shut up.
TG. 4, 4.

Incontinent, incontinently, suddenly, im-
patiently. AL. 5, 2. Rb. 5, 6. 0. 4, 3.
Incony or kony, sweet, pretty, delicate, fine.
LL. 3, 1. 4, 1. From in intensive, and to con,
whence cunning. S. Gifford's Ben Jons. Vi,

201.

Incorpsed, incorporated. H. 4, 7. From cor

pus.

to Indent, to notch, carve. AL. 4, 3. to make
agreement, to bargain. aHd. 1, 3. From dens ;'
the contracts in former times being counter-
parts written on one sheet with a word between
in great characters, that was cut or carved and
must fit when laid on each other. Gifford
Ben Jons. VI, 209. explains to make an im-
pression on the wax of the seal with the teeth,
which, before writing was common, was the
mode of testifying the execution of covenants,
deeds. etc.
Indent, indentation, bending inwards. aHd.
3, 1.

1

In
indenture, contract, compact. KJ. 2, 1.
Index, summary of the chapters annexed to a
book. Rc. 2, 2. It was commonly prefixed. TC.
1, 8. Sometimes a preparatory sketch in dumb
show, prefixed to the act of a play. H.3, 4.
0. 2, 1; index to a pageant was a painted
emblem carried before it. Rc. 4, 4.
Indictment, action, bill of accusation. bhd.
2, 4. Rc. 3, 6.

Indifferency, impartiality. KJ. 2, 2; toler-
ableness. bHd. 4, 3.
Indifferent, impartial. Hh. 2, 4; ordinary,
tolerable, common, pretty good. H. 2, 2. TS.
4, 1.
Indigest, indigested, disorderly, confused.
S. 114; as substantive for confused chaos, stuff.
KJ. 5, 7.

an example of this word, there will be enough of like misaccentuation. Or should we prefer perhaps if trembling I obey not then? Inhabitable, uninhabitable. Rb. 1, 1. to Inherit, to possess, obtain. TG. 3, 2. Rb. 1, 1. T. 4, 1.

Inhoop'd, inclosed in a hoop. Quails were
placed in a circle, and he whose quail was
driven out of this circle, lost the stake. S.
Douce's Ill. of Sh. II, 87. Hanmer's incoop'd
AC. 2, 4. is therefore unnecessary.
Iniquity, the Vice, or buffoon in the old
moralities, dressed in a cap with ass's ears,
a long coat and a dagger of lath. aHd. 2, 4.
Rb. 3, 1.
Inkhorn mate, bookish or scribbling man.
aHf. 3, 1.

Inkling, hint, private intelligence. Co. 1, 1.
Hh. 2, 1. Kin to the germ. Wink.
Inlink, to link by chains. He. 3, 3.
to Inn, to lodge, to lay up, to gather in the
barn, to house corn. AW. 1, 3.
Inn, dwelling house of fashion.
harbour for persons of quality.
3, 3.
Innocent, idiot, natural, fool. AW. 4, 3.
Gifford's Ben Jons. III. 406.
to Inscroll, to write in a scroll, wh. s. MV.
2, 7.

Indign, unworthy. O. 1, 3.
Indirection, that which is not straight, or
direct. H. 2, 1; indirect or crooked moral con-to
duct, dishonesty. JC. 4, 3. KJ. 3, 1.
to Indite, to indict, convict, impeach. O. 3, 4.
H. 2, 2; to invite, by designed corruption,
it seems. bhd. 2, 1.
Inducement, allurance, bait. Pc. 4, 4. AW.
3, 2.
Induction, introduction, beginning, a sort
of prologue in a detached scene. aHd. 3, 1. Rc.
4, 4; a leading thing, by a conjecture of
Warburton restored for instruction. 0. 4, 1.
to Indue, to inure. H. 4, 7.
to Infamonize, a mockword from to defame,
or report evil of. LL. 5, 2.
Infect, infected. TC. 1, 3.
Informal, out of wits. MM. 5, 1. 8. formal.
Infortunate, unfortunate. KJ. 2, 1. bHf. 4, 9.
Infusion, endowing. H. 5, 2. Courtcant. S.
article.

aHd. 3, 3; Rb. 5, 1. M.

to Insculp, to carve in relief, to engrave on any solid substance. MV. 2, 7. Douce's Ill. of Sh. I, 259.

Inseparate, not to be separated, or that ought not to be separated. TC. 5, 2.

to Inshell, to contain within a shell. Co. 4, 6.
to Inshelter, to embay. O. 2, 1.
to Inship, to put into a ship. aHf. 5, 1.
to Insinew, to strenghten as with sinews, to
join firmly. bHd. 4, 1. S. sinew.
Insisture, regularity, or station. TC. 1, 3.
Instance, motive, cause. H. 3, 2. Rc. 3, 2.
MW. 2, 2. He. 2, 2. proof, example. TC. 5, 2.
TN. 4, 5; message, advice, information. bhd.
3, 1. MM. 4, 3.

Ingene, ingine, genias, wit. From the lat. ingenium. Gifford's Ben Jons. I, 153. This word is to be restored instead of the corrupt ingeniver 0. 2, 1. where to tire the ingene means, as Nares justly explains, to fatigue the mind, or genius in attempting to do it justice; the subject being the excellence of Desdemona. In suit, suit, request, AW. 5, 8. Steevens quotes from T. 4, 1. to outstrip all Insuppressive, insuppressible, not to be suppraise and make it halt behind her. Other readings are absurd or glossematical, and destroy the verse.

pressed. JC. 2, 1.

Iutelligencer, mediator gobetween. bHd. 4,2. to Intend, to pretend, affect, cloak under a to Inhabit. M. 3, 4. where Horne Tooke Div. pretence. Rc. 3, 5. TS. 4, 1. MA. 2, 2. where of P. II, 52. against Pope's arbitrary and Pope's pretend is glossematical. TA. 2, 2 glossematical conjecture inhibit thee, defends Intendment, intention, design. AL. 1, 1. He. the common reading: And dare me to the 1, 2. VA. 3, 7. 0. 4, 2. desert with thy sword; If trembling I inhabit Intenible, unable to hold. AW. 1, 3. then, protest me etc. and explains: if then Intentively, attentively. O. 1, 3.

I do not meet thee there, if trembling I stay at Intercepter, waylayer, that lies in ambush. home, or within doors, or under any roof,

TN. 3, 4.

or within any habitation, if, when you call me to Interess, original form of to interest. KL. to the desert, I then house me, or through 1, 1. fear, hide myself from thee in any dwelling. Intermission, pause, delay. MV. 8, 2 KL. Douce I. of Sh. I, 380. defends inhabit as 2, 4. M. 4, 8.

trencher.

varied orthography for inhibit, allowing how-Intituled, having a title, a claim. TL. 69. 'S. 37. ever the difficulty to extract a sense adapted Intrenchant, not permanently divisible, not to the occasion, since the required was to keep retaining any mark of division. M. 5, 7. From back, or hesitate. In this difficulty it seems reasonable to approve of Horne Tooke's interpretation, unless one would perhaps admit of a word unprecedented indeed, but not wholly incompatible with the bard's powerful and free ase of the language, nor with the analogy; viz if trembling I unobey then. The confusion of both words inhabit and unobey by hearing was very possible; and though we know not

Intrinse, intrinsecal, intrinsecate, intrinsic, intrinsicate, intrinsical, inward, innermost twisted, or intricate. No doubt from the lat. intrinsecus, and confounded by the interpreters only on account of the kindred meaning. intricate is kin to the lat. trica, gr. thrix, trichōma, ital. treccia, intrecciare, intrigare engl. betray, betrash, betrass, betraise, fr.

« ZurückWeiter »