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1838.

From Fond du Lac, (on Lake Superior.)

CHIEFS.
Mang-go-sit, or the Loons Foot, his x mark, (seal.)
Shing-go-be, or the Spruce,

his x mark, (seal.)
From Red Cedar lake.
Mont-so-mo, or the Murdering Yell, his x mark, (seal.)

From Red lake.
Francois Goumean (a half breed) his x mark, (seal.)

From Leech lake.

WARRIORS.
Sha-wa-ghe-zhig, or the Sounding
Sky,

his x mark, (seal.) Wa-zau-ko-ni-a, or Yellow Robe, his x mark, (seal.) Signed in presence of

erplanck Van Antwerp, Sec'y. to the Commissioner.
M. M. Vineyard, U. S. Sub-Ind. Agt.
Daniel P. Bushnell.
Lew. Taliaferro, Ind. Agent at St. Peters.
Martin Scott, Capt. 5th Reg't. Inf'ty.
J. Emerson, Ass't. Surg. U. S. Army.
H. H. Sibley.
H. L. Dousman.
S. C. Stambaugh.
E. Lockwood.
Lyman M. Warren.
J. N. Nicollet.
Harmen Van Antwerp.
Wm. H. Forbes.
Jean Baptiste Dubay, his x mark. Interpreter.
Peter Quinn,

his x mark. Interpreter.
S. Campbell, U. S. Interpreter.
Stephen Bonga,

his x mark. Interpreter. Wm. W. Coriell. Ratified June Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Martin Van BUREX, Pre

sident of the United States of America, having seen and cons-
dered the said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent
of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the eleventh day
of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, acceso
ratify, and confirm the same, and every clause and article thereof.

IN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have caused the seal of the United
States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my
hand.
Done at the City of Washington this fifteenth day of June.

one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, and [L. s.] of the Independence of the United States the sixtysecond.

M. VAN BUREN. By the President :

JOHN FORSYTH, Secretary of State.

wth 1838

1838.

MARTIN VAN BUREN,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, Greeting ;

WHEREAS, a treaty was made at the city of Washington, on the

first day of November, one thousand eight hundred and thirtyseven, between Carey A. Harris, thereto specially directed by the President of the United States, and the Winnebago nation of Indians, by their chiefs and delegates; which treaty is in the following words, to wit:

the land east of

Articles of a treaty made at the city of Washington, between Carey Treaty with the

A. Harris, thereto specially directed by the President of the tion of Indians, United States, and the Winnebago nation of Indians, by their nade ist Nov. chiefs and delegates.

ARTICLE 1st. The Winnebago nation of Indians cede to the Indians cede all United States all their land east of the Mississippi river.

the Mississippi. ARTICLE 2d. The said Indians further agree to relinquish the Indians relin. right to occupy, except for the purpose of hunting a portion of quoccuparmi the land held by them west of the Mississippi, included between for banting.com that river and a line drawn from a point twenty miles distant the Misrissippi. therefrom on the southern boundary of the neutral ground to a point, equidistant from the said river, on the northern boundary thereof. But this stipulation shall not be so construed, as to invalidate Their title not

to be invalidated their title to the said tract.

ARTICLE 3d. The said Indians agree to remove within eight Indians to re; months from the ratification of this treaty, to that portion of the months, &e. neutral ground west of the Mississippi, which was conveyed to them in the second article of the treaty of September 21st, 1832 and the United States agree that the said Indians may hunt upon the western part of said neutral ground, until they shall procure a permanent settlement.

ARTICLE 41h. In consideration of the cession and relinquish. In considera ment contained in the preceding articles, the United States agree agree. to the following stipulations on their part.

First. To set apart the sum of two hundred thousand dollars 1. To set apart ($200,000) for the following purposes ;

the following in To

pay to the individuals herein named the sum specified for dividunder each; To Nicholas Boilvin, six thousand dollars ($6,000); to the other four children of Nicholas Boilvin, formerly agent for said nation, four thousand dollars ($4,000) each; to Catherine Myott, one thousand dollars, ($1,000); to Hyancinthe St. Cyr one thou: sand dollars ($1,000); to the widow of Henry Gratiot, late subagent of the nation, in trust for her eight children, ten thousand dollars ($10,000); to H. L. Dousman, in trust for the children of Pierre Paquette, late interpreter for the nation three thou

tion the U. 8.

$200,000 to pay

the sums named.

debts of the na. tion, &c.

Proviso.

Proviso.

000 to the rela.

of the Indians, &c.

$7,000 for ilheir removal.

4. To deliver

,

1838. sand dollars ($3,000); to Joseph Brisbois, two thousand dollars

($2,000); to Satterlee Clark, junior, two thousand dollars ($2,000;) to John Roy, two thousand dollars ($2,000); to Antonie Grignon, two thousand dollars ($2,000); to Jane F. Rolette, two thousand dollars ($2,000); to George Fisher, one thousand dollars ($1,000); to Therese Roy, one thousand dollars ($1,000); to Domitille Brisbois, one thousand dollars ($1,000). These sums are allowed, at the earnest solicitation of the chiefs and delegates, for sup

plies and services to the nation, afforded by these individuals. The balance of The balance of the above sum of two hundred thousand dolbe applied to the lars ($200,000) shall be applied to the debts of the nation, which

may be ascertained to be justly due, and which may be admitted by the Indians: Provided, That if all their just debts shall amount to more than this balance, their creditors shall be paid pro rata, upon their giving receipts in full; and if the just debts shall fall short of said balance, the residue of it shall be invested for the benefit of the nation; And provided, also, That no claim for

depredations shall be paid out of said balance. 2. To pay $100, Second. To pay, under the direction of the President, to the tions and friende relations and friends of said Indians, having not less than one

quarter of Winnebago blood, one hundred thousand dollars

($100,000). 3. To expend Third. To expend, for their removal to the lands assigned

them, a sum not exceeding seven thousand dollars ($7,000).

Fourth. To deliver to the chiefs and delegates on their arrival and $47,000 in at St. Louis, goods and horses to the amount of three thousand goods. dollars ($3,000); and, also, to deliver to them, as soon as practi

cable after the ratification of this treaty, and at the expense of the United States goods to the amount of forty-seven thousand dollars ($17,000).

Fifth. To deliver to them provisions to the amount of ten thouvisions, & $10,- sand dollars, ($10,000); and horses to the same amount. 6. To apply $3,

Sixth. To apply to the erection of a grist-mill, three thousand 000 for a grist. dollars, ($3,000).

7. To expend Seventh. To expend, in breaking up and fencing in ground, ing up ground; after the removal of the said Indians, ten thousand dollars

($10,000).

Eighth. To set apart the sum of ten thousand dollars ($10,000), tingent expen: to defray contingent and incidental expenses in the execution of

this treaty, and the expenses of an exploring party, when the said Indians shall express a willingness to send one to the country southwest of the Missouri river.

Ninth. To invest the balance of the proceeds of the lands balance of the

ceded in the first article of this treaty, amounting to eleven hunlands ceded, &c. dred thousand dollars (1,100,000,) and to guarantee to them an interest of not less than five

per

cent. Disposition of Of this interest amounting to fifty-five thousand dollars

5. To deliver

000 in horses.

mill.

&c.

8. To set a part

.

kes, &c.

9. To invest the

proceeds of the

($55,000, it is agreed the following disposition shall be made:

For purposes of education, twenty-eight hundred dollars $2,800.

($2,800).

For the support of an interpreter for the school, five hundred dollars, ($500.)

the interest.

For education

For an interpreter for

the school $500.

$600.
For agricultural

tified.

For the support of a miller, six hundred dollars ($600.)

1838. For the supply of agricultural implements and assistance, five for a miller hundred dollars, ($500.)

For medical services and medicines, six hundred dollars ($600.) implements 500

The foregoing sums to be expended for the objects specified, vices, &c. 31:00 for the term of twenty-two years, and longer at the discretion of the foregoing the President. If at the expiration of that period, or any time pended for 22 thereafter, he shall think it expedient to discontinue either or all years, dee. of the above allowances, the amount so discontinued shall be paid to the said Winnebago nation. The residue of the interest, The residue of amounting to fifty thousand dollars ($50,000,) shall be paid to to be paid. said nation, in the following manner; Ten thousand dollars ($10,000) in provisions, twenty thousand dollars ($20,000) goods, and 'wenty thousand dollars ($20,000) in money.

ARTICLE 5th. It is understood and agreed that so much of the so much ofer: stipulations in existing treaties with said Winnebago nation, as requires services requires services to be performed, supplies furnished, or payments Sec. Do bernali made, at designated times and places, shall be henceforth null and and void, &c. void; and those stipulations shall be carried into effect at such times and at such points in the country to which they are about to remove, as the President may direct.

ARTICLE 6th. This treaty to be binding on the contracting par- Treaty to be ties when it shall be ratified by the United States.

In witness whereof, the said Carey A. Harris and the undersigned chiefs and delegates of the said Winnebago nation, have hereunto set their hands at the City of Washington, this first day of November, A.D. 1837.

C. A. HARRIS.
Watch-hat-ty-kah, (Big Boat,) his x mark.
Keesh-kee-pa-kah, (Kar-i-mo-nee,) his x mark.
Mo-ra-chay-kah, (Little Priest,) his x mark.
Ma-na-pay-kah, (Little Soldier) his x mark.
Wa-kaun-ha-kah, (Snake Skin,)

his x mark.
Ma-hee-koo-shay-nuz-he-kah, (Young
Decori,)

his x mark.
Wa-kun-cha-koo-kah, (Yellow Thun-
der)

his x mark.
Wa-kaun-kah, (The Snake,)

his x mark.
Wa-kun-cha-nic-kah, (Little Thunder,) his x mark.
Nautch-kay-suck-kah, (Quick Heart,) his x mark.
Mai-ta-sha-hay-ma-ne-kah, (Young
Kar-i-mo-nee,)

his x mark.
Wa-kaun-ho-no-nic-kah, (Little Snake,) his x mark.
Hoong-kah, (Old Chief,)

his x mark. To-shun-uc-kah, (Little Otter,) his x mark. Sho-go-nic-kah, (Little Hill,)

his x mark.
Komp-ska-kah, (Fine Day,)

his x mark.
Chow-walk-saih-e-nic, (The Plover,) his x mark.
Ah-oo-shush-kah, (Red Wing,) his x mark.
Shoog-hat-ty-kah, (Big Gun)

his x mark.
Ha-kah-kah, (Little Boy Child,) his x mark.

1838. In presence of

Thos. A. B. Boyd, U. S. S. Ind. Agʻt.
N. Boilvin,
Antoine Grinion, Interpreters.
Jean Roy,
Joseph Moore,
J. Brisbois, Conductors.
Sat. Clark, jr.,
Alexis Bailly.
H. H. Sibley, Agent Am. Fur. Co.
John Lowe.
John M'Farlane.
W. Gunton.
T. R. Cruttenden.
Charles E. Mix.
A. R. Potts.

Rd. L. Mackall. Ratibed June Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Martin Van BURES, 151h, 1838.

President of the United States of America, having seen and considered the said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and com sent of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the eleventh day of June, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, and every clause and article thereof

. In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my hand. Done at the City of Washington, this fifteenth day of June

, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, and of [L. s.] the Independence of the United States the sixty. second.

M. VAN BUREN. By the President:

JOHN FORSYTH, Secretary of State.

MARTIN VAN BUREN,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting:

Whereas, a treaty was made at the City of Washington, on the twenty-ninth day of September, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, between Joel R. Poinsett, thereto specially authorized by the President of the United States, and certain chiefs and braves of the Sioux nation of Indians; which treaty is in the words following, to wit:

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