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agrees to relin.

nd the lines of which shall be so run as to include all their set- 1838. ements and improvements in the vicinity of Green Bay.

Art. 3. In consideration of the cession contained in the 1st In considera. rticle of this treaty, the United States agree to pay to the Orch- agree to pay the rd party of the Oneida Indians three thousand (3,000) dollars, $3000, and" tlie nd to the First Christian party of the Oneida Indians thirty First Christian housand five hundred (30,500) dollars, of which last sum three housand (3,000) dollars may be expended under the supervision f the Rev. Solomon Davis, in the erection of a church and paronage house, and the residue apportioned, under the direction f the President among the persons having just claims thereto; i being understood that said aggregate sum of thirty-three thouand five hundred (33,500) dollars is designed to be in reimbursenent of moneys expended by said Indians and in remuneration of the services of their chiefs and agents in purchasing and ecuring a title to the land ceded in the 1st article. The United States further agree to cause the tracts reserved in the 2d article o be surveyed as soon as practicable.

Art. 4. În consideration of the sum of five hundred (500) dol- John Denny ars to be paid to him by the chiefs and representatives of the quish his title aid parties of Oneida Indians, John Denny (alias John Sun-on being paid lown, their interpreter agrees to relinquish to them all his title $500. ind interest in the tract reserved in the ed article of this treaty.

Art. 5. It is understood and agreed that the expenses of this Expenses of Creaty and of the chiefs and representatives signing it, in coming to be paid by U.S. o and returning from this city, and while here, shall be paid by che United States.

Art. 6. This treaty to be binding upon the contracting parties Treaty to be when the same shall be ratified by the United States.

tified by U.S. In witness whereof, the said Carey A. Harris and the underigned chiefs and representatives of the said parties of Oneida Indians have hereunto set their hands at the City of Washington, his third day of February 1838.

First Christians.
Henry Powles,

his x mark.
John Denny, alias John Sundown, his x mark.
Adam Swamp,

his x mark. Daniel Bread.


Jacob Cornelius.
n presence of
Geo. W. Jones,

Del. Wis. Ter.
Solomon Davis
Alfred Iverson
O. S. Hall
Jas. P. Maury
Charles E. Mix
Charles J. Love
John Denny, alias John Sundown, [his x mark,] Interpreter.


Ratified May 171h, 1038

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Martin Van Buren, President of the United States of America, having seen and considered the said treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent of the Senate, as expressed in their resolution of the twelfth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, and every clause and article thereof

. In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my hand. Done at the City of Washington, this seventeenth day of May,

one thousand eight hundred and thirty-eight, and of [l. s.] the Independence of the United States the sixtysecond.

M. VAN BUREN. By the President :

JOHN FORSYTH, Secretary of State.



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nation of In.

29th July 1837.

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, greeting:

WHEREAS, a treaty was, on the twenty-ninth day of July, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-seven, made and concluded at St. Peters (the confluence of the St. Peters and Mississippi rivers) in the Territory of Wisconsin, between the United States of America, by their commissioner, Henry Dodge, Governor of said Territory, and the Chippewa nation of Indians, by their chiefs and headmen; which treaty is in the words following, to wit:

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at St. Peters (the con fluTreaty with

Chippewa ence of the St. Peters and Mississippi rivers) in the Territory dians, concluded

of Wisconsin, between the United States of America, by their commissioner, Henry Dodge, Governor of said Territory, and the Chippewa nation of Indians, by their chiefs and headmen.

Article 1. The said Chippewa nation, cede to the United lowing tract of States, all that tract of country, included within the following

boundaries :

Beginning at the junction of the Crow Wing and Mississippi rivers, between twenty and thirty miles above where the Missis sippi is crossed by the forty-sixth parallel of north latitude, and running thence to the north point of Lake St. Croix, one of the sources of the St. Croix river ; thence to and along the dividing ridge between the waters of Lake Superior and those of the Mississippi, to the sources of the Ocha-sua-sepe a tributary of the Chippewa river; thence to a point on the Chippewa river, twenty miles below the outlet of Lake De Flambeau; thence to the junction of the Wisconsin and Pelican rivers; thence on an east course twenty-five miles; thence southerly, on a course parallel

Indians cede to the U. S. the fol.



years the follow. ing payments.

$500 in tobacco.

Times and places for the de.

with that of the Wisconsin river, to the line dividing the territo- 1838. ries of the Chippewas and Menomonies; thence to the Plover Portage; thence along the southern boundary of the Chippewa country, to the commencement of the boundary line dividing it from that of the Sioux, half a days march below the falls on the Chippewa river; thence with said boundary line to the mouth of Wah-tap river, at its junction with the Mississippi; and thence up the Mississippi to the place of beginning.

ARTICLE 2. In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United, In considera. States agree to make to the Chippewa nation, annually, for the agree to make term of twenty years, from the date of the ratification of this treaty, the following payments.

1. Nine thousand five hundred dollars, to be paid in money. $9500 in money. 2. Nineteen thousand dollars, to be delivered in goods. $19,000 in goods.

3. Three thousand dollars for establishing three blacksmiths 53000 for blackshops, supporting the blacksmiths, and furnishing them with iron smiths' shops,&c. and steel.

4. One thousand dollars for farmers, and for supplying them $1000 for farm. and the Indians, with implements of labor, with grain or seed ; ers, &c. and whatever else may be necessary to enable them, to carry on their agricultural pursuits. 5. Two thousand dollars in provisions.

$2000 in provi. 6. Five hundred dollars in tobacco.

The provisions and tobacco, to be delivered at the same time with the goods, and the money to be paid ; which time or times, livery of the proas well as the place or places, where they are to be delivered, visions, &c. shall be fixed upon under the direction of the President of the United States.

The blacksmiths shops to be placed at such points in the Chip: the blackonitos pewa country, as shall be designated by the Superintendent of shops. Indian Affairs, or under his direction.

If at the expiration of one or more years, the Indians should prefer to receive goods, instead of the nine thousand dollars agreed stead of the 3.900 to be paid to them in money, they shall be at liberty to do so. Or, should they conclude to appropriate a portion of that annuity to the establishment and support of a school or schools among them, this shall be granted them. ARTICLE 3. The sum of one hundred thousand dollars shall be $100,000 to be

paid to the half. paid by the United States, to the half-breeds of the Chippewa breeds — its disnation, under the direction of the President. It is the wish of the Indians that their two sub-agents Daniel P. Bushnell, and Miles M. Vineyard, superintend the distribution of this money among their half-breed relations.

Article 4. The sum of seventy thousand dollars shall be applied by the best applied to the payment, by the United States, of certain claims s. to the payment against the Indians; of which amount twenty-eight thousand dol- the Indians. lars, shall, at their request, be paid to William A. Aitkin, twentyfive thousand to Lyman M. Warren, and the balance applied to the liquidation of other just demands against them—which they acknowledge to be the case with regard to that presented by Hercules L. Dousman, for the sum of five thousand dollars; and they request that it be paid.

Indiang may receive goods in.

in money, &c.


Indians allow.

in the country ceded.

1838. ARTICLE 5. The privilege of hunting, fishing, and gathering the

wild rice, upon the lands, the rivers and the lakes included in the ed to hunt, &e territory ceded, is guarantied to the Indians, during the pleasure

of the President of the United States.

Article 6. This treaty shall be obligatory from and after is obligatory when ratification by the President and Senate of the United States. ratified

Done at St. Peters in the Territory of Wisconsin the twentyninth day of July eighteen hundred and thirty-seven. (Signed)

HENRY DODGE, L. s. Com'r.

Treaty to be

From Leech lake.


Aish-ke-bo-ge-koshe, or Flat Mouth, his x mark, (seal)
R-che-o sau-ya, or the Elder Bro-

his x mark, (seal.)


Pe-zhe-kins, the Young Buffalo, his x mark, (seal)
Ma-ghe-ga-bo, or La Trappe, his x mark, (seal)
O-be-gwa-dans, the Chief of the

his x mark, (seal) Wa-bose, or the Rabbit,

his x mark, (seal) Che-a-na-quod, or the Big Cloud, his x mark, (seal)

From Gull lake and Swan river.


Pa-goo-na-kee-zhig, or the Hole in
the Day,

his x mark, (seal.) Songa-ko-mig, or the Strong Ground, bis x mark, (seal)

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Pa-ga-we-we-wetung, Coming Home

his x mark. (seal) Ya-banse, or the Young Buck,

his x mark, (seal.) Kis-ke-ta-wak, or the Cut Ear, his x mark, (seal)

From Lake Courteoville.


Pa-qua-a-mo, or the Wood Pecker, his x mark, (seal)

From Lac De Flambeau.


Pish-ka-ga-ghe, or the White Crow, his x mark, (seal)


Na-wa-ge-wa, or the Knee, his x mark, (seal.)
O-ge-ma-ga, or the Dandy, his x mark, (seal.)
Pa-se-quam-jis, or the Commissioner, his x mark, seal.)
Wa-be-ne-me, or the White Thunder, his x mark, (seal.)

From La Pointe, (on Lake Superior.)


Pe-zhe-ke, or the Buffalo,

his x mark, (seal.) Ta-qua-ga-na, or Two Lodges Meeting,

his x mark, (seal.) Cha-che-que-o,

his x mark, (seal.)

From Mille Lac.


Wa-shask-ko-kone, or Rats Liver, his x mark, (seal.)
Wen-ghe-ge-she-guk, or the First

his x mark, (seal.)


Ada-we-ge-shik, or Both Ends of the

Ka-ka-quap, or the Sparrow,

his x mark, (seal.)
his x mark, (seal.)

From Sandy Lake.


Ka-nan-da-wa-win-zo, or Le Brocheux,

his x mark, (seal.) We-we-shan-shis, the Bad Boy, or Big Mouth,

his x mark, (seal.) Ke-che-wa-me-te-go, or the Big Frenchman,

his x mark, (seal.)


Na-ta-me-ga-bo, the Man that stands

Sa-ga-ta-gun, or Spunk,

his x mark, (seal.)
his x mark, (seal.)

From Snake river.


Naudin, or the Wind,
Sha-go-bai, or the Little Six,
Pay-a-jik, or the Lone Man,
Na-qua-na-bie, or the Feather,

his x mark, (seal.) his x mark, (seal.) his x mark, (seal.) his x mark, (seal.)

WARRIORS. Ha-tau-wa,

his x mark, (seal.) Wa-me-te-go-zhins, the Little Frenchman,

his x mark, (seal.) Sho-ne-a, or Silver,

his x mark, (seal.)

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