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amine the claim of J. P. Aus
1838 of John P. Austin and Edward N. Tailer, acting under the firm Sec. War to ex-of Austin and Tailer, for damages which they allege they sus
tained in the execution of a contract entered into by them, in fer for damages eighteen hundred and thirty-two, for the delivery of a quantity alleged to have of stone in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina ; that he the execution of a procure such further testimony as to him may appear necesand certify the sary ; that he ljust and settle said claim, allowing them such due, to the Sec. sum as may be justly their due ; and that he certify such sum'
as he shall so find to be due to the Secretary of the Treasury.
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the Secretary of the Tailer, the sum Treasury pay, out of any unappropriated money, to John P. shall certify wobe Austin and Edward N. Tailer, such sum as the Secretary of
War may certify to him, as is provided in the first section of this act, to be due to said Austin and Tailer.
Approved, June 7th, 1838.
of the Trea.
Sec. Trea. to pay Austin and
sin, shall, after
CHAP. 96. An ACT to divide the Territory of Wisconsin and to establish the
Territorial Government of Iowa. [Sec. 1.] Be it enacted, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress as
sembled, That from and after the third day of July next, all What part for that part of the present Territory of Wisconsin which lies west ritory of Wiscon of the Mississippi river, and west of a line drawn due North 30 July next,
from the head waters or sources of the Mississippi to the TerTerritory of io ritorial line, shall, for the purposes of temporary Government,
be and constitute a separate Territorial Government by the name of Iowa ; and that from and after the said third day of July next, the present Territorial Government of Wisconsin shall extend only to that part of the present Territory of Wis
consin which lies east of the Mississippi river. And after the The authority said third day of July next, all power and authority of the over the territory Government of Wisconsin, in and over the Territory hereby ed, to cease after constituted shall cease : Provided, That nothing in this act
contained shall be construed to impair the rights of person or property, now appertaining to any Indians within the said Territory so long as such rights shall remain unextinguished by treaty between the United States and such Indians, or to impair the obligations of any treaty now existing between the United States and such Indians, or to impair or anywise to affect the authority of the Government of the United States to make any regulations respecting such Indians, their lands, property, or other rights, by treaty or law, or otherwise, which it would have been competent to the Government to make if this act had never been passed : Provided, That nothing in this act contained shall be construed to inhibit the Government of the United States from dividing the Territory hereby established into one or more other Territories in such manner and at such times as Congress shall, in its discretion, deem convenient and proper, or from attaching any portion of said Territory to any other state or Territory of the United States.
3d July, next,
Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the executive power 1838. and authority in and over the said Territory of Iowa shall be Executive vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for three years, a Governor, to be unless sooner removed by the President of the United States. appointed for The Governor shall reside within the said Territory, shall be powers and ducommander-in-chief of the militia thereof, shall perform the hier or the Guver duties and receive the emoluments of superintendent of Indian affairs, and shall approve of all laws passed by the Legislative Assembly before they shall take effect; he may grant pardons for offences against the laws of the said Territory, and reprieves for offences against the laws of the United States, until the decision of the President can be made known thereon; he shall commission all officers who shall be appointed to office under the laws of the said Territory, and shall take care that the laws be faithfully executed.
Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That there shall be a Secretary of the said Territory, who shall reside therein, and pointed for four hold his office for four years, unless sooner removed by the years, &c. President of the United States; he shall record and preserve Duties of the all the laws and proceedings of the Legislative Assembly hereinafter constituted, and all the acts and proceedings of the Governor in his executive department; he shall transmit one copy of the laws and one copy of the executive proceedings, on or before the first Monday in December in each year, to the President of the United States, and, at the same time, two copies of the laws to the Speaker of the House of Represent, atives, for the use of Congress. And in case of the death, removal, resignation, or necessary absence of the Governor The Secretary from the Territory, the Secretary shall have, and he is hereby hor in case of authorized and required to execute and perform all the powers vacancy. and duties of the Governor during such vacancy or necessary absence, or until another Governor shall be duly appointed to fill such vacancy:
Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the legislative Legislativo power shall be vested in the Governor and a Legislative As-the Gover and a sembly. The Legislative Assembly shall consist of a Council Legislative Asand House of Representatives. The Council shall consist of Legislative As. thirteen members, having the qualifications of voters as herein- of a council and after prescribed, whose term of service shall continue two Council. years. The House of Representatives shall consist of twenty- House of Reps. six members possessing the same qualifications as prescribed for the members of the Council, and whose term of service shall continue one year. An apportionment shall be made as nearly Apportionment equal as practicable, among the several counties, for the elec- tione tion of the Council and Representatives giving to each section of the Territory representation in the ratio of its population, Indians excepted, as nearly as may be. And the said members Members to of the council and House of Representatives shall reside in the dise for and be inhabitants of the district for which they may be which elected. elected. Previous to the first election, the Governor of the Previous to the Territory shall cause the census or enumeration of the inha- Govt. to have the bitants of the several counties in the Territory to be taken,
census taken, un less, &c.
the persons hav. ing ihe greatest
1838. and made by the sheriffs of the said counties, respectively,
unless the same shall have been taken within three months
previous to the third day of July next, and returns thereof First election, made by said sheriffs to the Governor. The first election shall be as the Glor. shall held at such time and place, and be conducted in such manner
as the Governor shall appoint and direct ; and he shall at the same time, declare the number of members of the Council and House of Representatives to which each of the counties or districts are entitled under this act. The number of persons authorized to be elected having the greatest number of votes
in each of the said counties or districts for the Council, shall be Govt. to declare declared by the said Governor to be duly elected to the said
Council; and the person or persons having the greatest number number one vores of votes for the House of Representatives, equal to the number
to which each county may be entitled, shall also be declared Proviso. by the Governor to be duly elected: Provided, The Governor
shall order a new election when there is a tie between two or niore persons voted for, to supply the vacancy made by such tie. And the persons thus elected to the Legislative Assembly shall meet at such place, and on such day as he shall appoint; but thereafter the timne, place, and manner of holding and conducting all elections by the people, and the apportioning the representation in the several counties to the Council and House of Representatives, according to population, shall be prescribed by law, as well as the day of the annual commencement of the session of the said Legislative Assembly; but no session
in any year shall exceed the term of seventy-five days. Qualifications Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That every free white male ühe tinste election, citizen of the United States, above the age of twenty-one years,
who shall have been an inhabitant of said Territory at the time of its organization, shall be entitled to vote at the first
election, and shall be eligible to any office within the said TerAt all subise ritory; but the qualifications of voters at all subsequent elecquent elections. tions, shall be such as shall be determined by the Legislative
Assembly : Provided, That the right of suffrage shall be exercised only by citizens of the United States.
SEC. 6. And be it further enacted, That the legislative Powers of the power of the Territory shall extend to all rightful subjects of
legislation ; but no law shall be passed interfering with the kestrictions.
primary disposal of the soil; no tax shall be imposed upon the property of the United States; nor shall the lands or other
property of non-residents be taxed higher than the lands or Laws to be sub-other property of residents. All the laws of the Governor and gross for approv. Legislative Assembly shall be submitted to, and if disapproved
by, the Congress of the United States, the same shall be null and of no effect.
Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That all township officers, people.
and all county officers, except judicial officers, justices of the peace, sheriffs, and clerks of courts, shall be elected by the people, in such manner as is now prescribed by the laws of ihe Territory of Wisconsin, or as may, after the first election, be provided by the Governor and Legislative Assembly of
Offices to be elerled by the
vested in a su preine court, dist, courts, prolate
Iowa Territory. The Governor shall nominate and by and 1838. with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council, shall Officers to be appoint all judicial officers, justices of the peace, sheriffs, and approved in the all militia officers, except those of the staff, and ali civil officers advice an con. not herein provided for. Vacancies occurring in the recess of lative Council. the Council, shall be filled by appointments from the Governor, curring in the rewhich shall expire at the end of the next session of the Legis-cil, how filled lative Assembly ; but the said Governor may appoint, in the first instance, the aforesaid officers, who shall hold their offices until the end of the next session of the said Legislative Assembly.
Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That no member of the Disqualifica. Legislative Assembly shall hold, or be appointed to, any office tions for office created, or the salary or emoluments of which shall have been increased, whilst he was a member, during the term for which he shall have been elected, and for one year after the expiration of such term; and no person holding a commission or appointment under the United States, or any of its officers, except as a militia officer, shall be a member of the said Council or House of Representatives, or shall hold any office under the Government of the said Territory.
Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That the judicial power Judicial power of the said 'Territory shall be vested in a supreme court, district courts, probate courts, and in justices of the peace. The su
courts, and jus' preme court shall consist of a chief justice, and two associate lices ot the judges, any two of whom shall be a quorum, and who shall Supreme court hold a term at the seat of Government of the said Territory annually, and they shall hold their offices during the term of four years. The said Territory shall be divided into three judicial districts; and a district court or courts shall held in District cours each of the three districts, by one of the judges of the supreme court, at such times and places as may be prescribed by law; and the said judges shall, after their appointment, respectively, reside in the districts which shall be assigned to them. The Jurisdictions jurisdiction of the several courts herein provided for, both cours. appellate and original, and that of the probate courts, and of the justices of the peace, shall be as limited by law: Provided, Proviso. however, That justices of the peace shall not have jurisdiction of any matter of controversy, when the title or boundaries of land may be in dispute, or where the debt or sum claimed exceeds fifty dollars. And the said supreme and district courts, respectively, shall possess a chancery as well as a common law jurisdiction. Eich district court shall appoint its clerk, who shall keep his office at the place where the court may be held, and the said clerks shall also be the registers in chancery; and any vacancy in said office of clerk happening in the vacation of said court, may be filled by the judge of said district, which appointment shall continue until the next term of said court. And writs of error, bills of exception, and appeals in chancery causes, shall be allowed in all cases, from the final decisions of the said district courts to the supreme court under such regulations as may be prescribed by law; but in no case removed to the
supreme court shall trial by jury be allowed in said court. The supreme court may appoint its own clerk, and every clerk shall hold his office at the pleasure of the court by which he shall have been appointed.' And writs of error and appeals from the final decisions of the said supreme court shall be allowed and taken to the Supreme Court of the United States, in the same manner and under the same regulations as from the circuit courts of the United States, where the value of the property, or the amount in controversy, to be ascertained by the oath or affirmation of either party, shall exceed one thousand dollars. And each of the said district courts shall have and exercise the same jurisdiction in all cases arising under the constitution and laws of the United States, as is vested in the circuit and district courts of the United States. And the first six days of every term of the said courts, or so much thereof as shall be necessary, shall be appropriated to the trial of causes arising under the said constitution and laws. And writs of error and appeals from the final decisions of the said courts, in all such cases, shall be made to the supreme court of the Territory, in the same manner as in other cases. The said clerks shall re. ceive in all such cases, the same fees which the clerk of the district courts of Wisconsin Territory now receives for similar
services. An attorney to Sec. 10. And be it further enacted, That there shall be an be appointed for four years-his attorney for the said Territory appointed, who shall continue in sees, &c.
office four years, unless sooner removed by the President, and
who shall receive the same fees and salary as the attorney of A marshal to be the United States, for the present Territory of Wisconsin
. four years—his There shall also be a marshal for the Territory appointed, who duties, fees, &c. shall hold his office for four years, unless sooner removed by
the President, who shall execute all process issuing from the
annually, as a compensation for extra services.
consent of the senate, appointed by the President of the United States. The Governor and secretary to be appointed as aforesaid, shall, before they act as such, respectively, take an oath
or affirmation, before some judge or justice of the peace, in Governor and the existing Territory of Wisconsin, duly commissioned and
qualified to administer an oath or affirmation, or before the
an oath. &c.