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1836.

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which fourth article is as follows: "Art. 4. At the request of
the above named bands it is stipulated that after the ratifica-
tion of this Treaty, the Untied States shall appoint a com-
missioner who shall be authorized to pay such debts of the
said bands as may be proved to his satifaction to be just, to be
deducted from the amount stipulated in the second article of this
Treaty."

In testimony whereof, I have caused the seal of the United
States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my
hand.

Done at the city of Washington, this twenty.fifth day

of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand
[L. s.] eight hundred and thirty-six, and of the indepen-
dence of the United States the sixtieth.

ANDREW JACKSON.
By the President :
JOHN FORSYTH,

Secretary of State.

ANDREW JACKSON,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:
Whereas a Treaty was made and concluded at a camp, on Tip-

pecanoe river, in the State of Indiana, between Abel C. Pepper,
commissioner on the part of the United States, and Pau-koo-
shuck, Aub-ba naub-ba's oldest son, and the head men of Aub-
ba-nauba's band of Pottawatamie Indians, on the eleventh day
of April, in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-six. Which

treaty is in the words following, to wit:
Articles of a trcaly made and concluded at a camp, on Tippecu-

noe river, in the Staie of Indiana, between Abel C. Pepper
commissoiner on the part 'of the United States and Pau-
koo-shuck, Aus-ba-naub-ba's oldest son and the head men of
Aub-ba-naub-ba's band of Pottawatamie Indiuns, this eleventh
day of April in the year, eighteen hundred and thirty-six.

ARTICLE 1. The aforesaid Pau-koo-shuck and the head men Thinysis sec-
of Aub-ba-nab-ba's band, hereby cede to the United States the ed to the United
thirty-six sections of land reserved for them by the second article
of the Treaty between the United States and the Pottawatamie
Indians on Tippecanoe river on the twenty-sixth day of October,
in the year eighteen hundred and thirty-two,--

ART: 2 In consideration of the cession aforesaid, the United Payment there States stipulate to pay to the aforesaid band the sum of twentythree thousand, and forty dollars in specie, one half at the first payment of annuity, after the ratification of this Treaty, and the other half at the succeeding payment of annuity,

States.

for.

the Indians.

this treaty,

1836.

Arr. 3. The above-named Pau-koo-shuck and his band agree Indians to remove to remove to the country west of the Mississippi river, provided within two years for the Pottawatamie nation by the United States within two

years, Commissioner 1 be appointed to

Art. 4. At the request of the above named band it is stipulapay the debts of ted that after the ratification of this treaty, the United States shall

appoint a commissioner who shall be authorized to pay such debts of the said band as may be proved to his satisfaction to be just, to be deducted from the amount stipulated in the 2nd article of

ART. 5. This Treaty, after the same shall be ratified by the President and Senate of the United States shall be binding upon both parties,

In testimony wherof the said Abel C. Pepper commissioner as aforesaid, and the said Pau-kon-shuck and his band, have hereunto set their hands this eleventh day of April in the year of our Lord, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six.

ABEL C. PEPPER. Pau-koo-shuck,

his k mark. Taw-wah-quah,

her x mark. Shah-quaw-ko-shuck,

his x mark. Aub-ba-naub-ba's son, Mat-taw-min,

his x mark. Si-nis-quah,

her x mark. Dah-moosh-ke-keaw, her x mark. Nan-wish-ma,

his x mark. O Sauk-kay.

his x mark. Ke waw-o-nuck,

his x mark. Aun-tuine,

his x mark. Sin-ba nim,

his x mark. Nees-se-ka-tah,

his x mark. Kaw-ke-me,

her x mark. Pe-waw-ko,

her x mark. O-ket-chee,

her x mark. Nan-cee,

her x mark. Witnesses :

E. V. Cicott, secretary,
Henry Ossem,
Thos. Robb,
Wm. Polke,
Joseph Bamont, principal interpreter,
Joseph Truckey,
George W. Ewing,
Cyrus Tober.

Now THEREFORE BE IT KNOWN, THAT I, Andrew JackSON, President of the United States of America, having seen and considered the said Treaty, do, in pursuance of the advice and consent of the Senate, as expresed in their resolution of the twentieth day of May, one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six, accept, ratify, and confirm the same, with the exception of the fourth article, as excepted in the aforesaid resolution of the Senate;

1836.

which fourth article is as follows: "Article 4. At the request of
the above named band, it is stipulated that, after the ratification of
this Treaty, the United States shall appoint a commissioner, who
shall be authorized to pay such debts of the said band as may be
proved to his satisfaction to be just, to be deducted from the amount
stipulated in the second article of this Treaty."

İN TESTIMONY WHEREOF, I have caused the seal of the United
States to be hereunto affixed, having signed the same with my
hand.
Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-fifth day of May,

in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred (L. s.] and thirty-six, and of the independence of the United States the sixtieth.

ANDREW JACKSON.
By the President :
JOHN FORSYTH,

Secretary of State

ANDREW JACKSON,

PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,

To all and singular to whom these presents shall come, Greeting:

Whereas a Treaty was made and concluded at the city of

Washington, in the District of Columbia, between Henry R. Schoolcraft, commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians, by their chiefs and delegates, on the twenty-eighth day of March one thousand eight hundred and thirty-six; and an article supplementary thereto was also agreed upon on the thirty-first day of March in the same year; which Treaty and supplementary article are in the following words, to wit:

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at the city of Washing

ton in the District of Columbia, between Henry R. Schoolcraft, commissioner on the part of the United States, and the Ottawa and Chippewa nations of Indians, by their chiefs and delegutes, ARTICLE First, The Ottawa and Chippewa nations of In-Cession of tand to

the United State s. dians cede to the United States all the tract of country within the following boundaries : Beginning at the mouth of Grand river of Lake Michigan on the north bank thereof, and following up the same to the line called for, in the first article of the treaty of Chicago of the 29th of August 1821, thence, in a direct line, to the head of Thunder-bay river, thence with the line established by the treaty of Saganaw of the 24th of September 1819, to the mouth of said river, thence northeast to the boundary line in Lake Huron between the United States and the British province of Upper Canada, thence northwestwardly, following the said

common.

1936. line, as established by the commissioners acting under the treaty

of Ghent, through the straits, and river St. Mary's, to a point in Lake Superior north of the mouth of Gitchy Seeling, or Chocolate river, thence south to the mouth of said river and up its channel to the source thereof, thence, in a direct line to the head of the Skonawba river of Green bay, thence down the south bank of said river to its mouth, thence, in a direct line, through the ship channel into Green bay, to the outer part thereof, thence south to a point in Lake Michigan west of the north cape, or entrance of Grand river; and thence east to the place of beginning, at the cape aforesaid, comprehending all the lands and

islands, within these limits, not hereinafter reserved, Reservations in ARTICLE SECOND), From the cession aforesaid the tribes re

serve for their own use, to be held in common the following tracts, namely: One tract of fifty thousand acres to be located on Little Traverse bay:one tract of twenty thousand acres to be located on the north shore of Grand Traverse bay, one tract of seventy thousand acres to be located on, or, north of the Piere Marquetta river, one tract of one thousand acres to be located by Chingassanoo, or the Big Sail, on the Cheboigan. One tract of one thousand acres, to be located by Mujeekewis, on Thunder-bay

river. Reservations for ARTICLE Third. There shall also be reserved for the use of * be Chippewas the Chippewas living north of the straits of Michilimackinac, the

following tracts, that is to say: Two tracts of three miles square each, on the north shores of the said straits, between Point-auBarbe and Mille Coquin river, including the fishing grounds in front of such reservations, to be located by a council of the chiefs. The Beaver islands of Lake Michigan for the use of the Beaverisland Indians. Round island, opposite Michilimackinac, as a place of encampment for the Indians, to be under the charge of the Indian department. The islands of the Chenos, with a part of the adjacent north coast of Lake Huron, corresponding in length, and one mile in depth. Sugar island, with its islets, in the river of St. Mary's. Six hundred and forty acres, at the mission of the Little Rapids. A tract commencing at the mouth of the Pississovining river, south of Point Iroquois, thence running up said stream to its forks, thence westward, in a direct line to the Red water lakes, thence across the portage to the Tacquimenon river, and down the same to its mouth, including the small islands and fishing grounds, in front of this reservation. Six hundred and forty acres, on Grand island, and two thousand acres, on the main land south of it. Two sections, on the northern extremity of Green bay, to be located by a council of the chiefs. All the locations, left indefinite by this, and the preceding articles, shall be made by the proper chiefs, under the direction of the President. It is understood that the reservation for a place of fishing and encampment, made under the treaty of St. Mary's of the 16th of June 1820, remains unaffected by this

treaty. Bayments to be ARTICLE FOURTH, In consideration of the foregoing cessions, made to the lo- the United States engage to pay to the Ottawa and Chippewa

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nations, the following sums, namely. 1st. An annuity of thirty 1836. thousand dollars per annum, in specie, for twenty years; eighteen thousand dollars, to be paid to the Indians between Grand river and the Cheboigan; three thousand six hundred dollars, to the Indians on the Huron shore, between the Cheboigan and Thunder-bay river; and seven thousand four hundred dollars, to the Chippewas north of the straits, as far as the cession extends; the remaining one thousand dollars, to be invested in stock by the Treasury Department and to remain incapable of being sold, without the consent of the President and Senate, which may, however, be given, after the expiration of twentyone years.

2nd. Five thousand dollars per annum, for the purposes of education, teachers, school-houses, and books in their own language, to be continued twenty years, and as long thereafter as Congress may appropriate for the object. 3rd. Three thousand dollars for missions, subject to the conditions mentioned in the second clause of this article. 4th. Ten thousand dollars for agricultural implements, cattle, mechanics tools, and such other objects as the President may deem proper. 5th. Three hundred dollars per annum for vaccine matter, medicines, and the services of physicians, to be continued while the Indians remain on their reservations. 6th. Provisions to the amount of two thousand dollars; six thousand live hundred pounds of tobacco; one hundred barrels of salt, and five hundred fish barrels, annually, for twenty years. 7th. One hundred and fifty thousand dollars, in goods and provisions, on the ratification of this treaty, to be delivered at Michilimackinac. ARTICLE FIFTH, The sum of three hundred thousand dollars Payment

of

clains against the shall he set apart for the payment of just debts agair st the said indians. Indians. All claims for such debts shall be examined by a commissioner to be appointed by the President and Senate, who shall act under such instructions as may be given to him, by the order of the President, for the purpose of preventing the allowance of unjust claims. The investigation shall be made at Michilimackinac, and no claims shall be allowed, except such as were contracted by Indians living within the district of country hereby ceded, and to citizens or residents of the United States. No claim shall be paid out of this fund unless the claimant will receive the sum allowed to him, as full payment of all debts, due to him by the said Indians. If the fund fall short of the full amount of just debts, then a ratable division shall be made. If it exceed such amount, the balance shall be paid over to the Indians, in the same manner, that annuities are required by law to be paid.

ARTICLE Sixth. The said Indians being desirous of making provision for half provision for their half-breed relatives, and the President having determined, that individual reservations shall not be granted, it is agreed, that in lieu thereof, the sum of one hundred and fifty thousand dollars shall bset apart as a fund for said half-brecds. No person shall be entitled to any part of said fund, unless he is of Indian descent and actually resident within the boundaries described in the first article of this treaty, nor shall any thing be, allowed to any such person, who may have received any allow

breeds, &c.

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