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THE

UNITED STATES

OF

AMERICA;

THEIR HISTORY FROM THE EARLIEST PERIOD;

THEIR INDUSTRY, COMMERCE, BANKING TRANSACTIONS, AND
NATIONAL WORKS ; THEIR INSTITUTIONS AND CHARACTER,

POLITICAL, SOCIAL, AND LITERARY ;

WITH

A SURVEY OF THE TERRITORY, AND REMARKS ON THE PROSPECTS

AND PLANS OF EMIGRANTS.

BY HUGH MURRAY, F.R.S.E.

WITH

ILLUSTRATIONS OF THE NATURAL HISTORY,

BY JAMES NICOL.

PORTRAITS AND OTHER ENGRAVINGS BY JACKSON.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

VOL. I.

EDINBURGH:
OLIVER & BOYD, TWEEDDALE COURT;

AND SIMPKIN, MARSHALL, & Co., LONDON.

MDCCCXLIV.

Printed by Oliver & Boyd, Tweeddale Court, High Street, Edinburgh.

E178
M86
V.

PREFACE.

THE UNITED STATES, next to our own country, form the most interesting portion of the world to the British people. Besides the ties of a common origin and language, the most substantial interests of the two nations are intimately twined together, and a close and constant intercourse is maintained between them. The peculiar institutions of the transatlantic republic—social, political, and religious—are viewed by thinking observers as sources whence valuable lessons may be derived on questions of government and national economy ; while its gigantic progress and the vast natural capacities of its territory open a prospect to which there is scarcely any

limit. To satisfy the interest attached to this subject in the public mind, there appeared room for a work, comprising, within a moderate compass, a complete and connected view of the origin, history, and successive revolutions of the United States ; their industry and commerce; their political, social, and intellectual condition. Such an undertaking seemed altogether suited to the EDINBURGH CABINET LIBRARY, and likely

M311873

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