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V V Ο Υ Α G E

Y G E S

UNDERTAKEN BY THE

ORDER OF HIS PRESENT MAJESTY

FOR MAKING

Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere,

And successively performed by
COMMODORE BYRON, CAPTAIN CARTERET,
CAPTAIN WALLIS, And CAPTAIN COOK,

In the DOLPHIN, the SWALLOW, and the ENDEAVOUR:

DRAWN UP

From the JOURNALS which were kept by the several COMMANDERS,

And from the Papers of JOSEPH BANKS, Esq;
By JOHN HAWKES WORTH, LL.D.

IN THREE VOLUMES.

Illustrated with CUTS, and a great Variety of CHARTS and MAPS relative to

Countries now first discovered, or hitherto but imperfectly known.

VOL. I.

. 1

L O N D ON:
Printed for W. STRAHAN; and T. CADELL in the Strand.

MDCC LXXIII.

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AF

FTER the great improvements that

have been made in Navigation since the discovery of America, it may well be thought strange that a very considerable part of the globe on which we live should still have remained unknown ; that it should still have been the fubject of speculation, whether a great portion of the Southern Hemisphere is land or water; and, even where land had been discovered, that

neither

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neither its extent nor figure should have been ascertained. But the cause has probably been, that fovereign Princes have seldom any other motive for attempting the discovery of new countries than to conquer them, that the advantages of conquering countries which must first be discovered are remote and uncertain, and that ambition has always found objects nearer home.

It is the distinguishing characteristic of Your Majesty to act from more liberal motives; and having the best fleet, and the bravest as well as most able navigators in Europe, Your Majesty has, not with a view to the acquisition of treasure, or the extent of dominion, but the improvement of commerce and the increase and diffusion of knowlege, undertaken what has so long been neglected; and under Your Majesty's auspices, in little more than seven years, discoveries have been made far greater than those of all the navigators in the world

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