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LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY, June 29, 1846. GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 13th instant, directing me to purchase 172 horses for the 2d dragoons, and 200 mules for the army of occupation. It was forwarded to me from Memphis, not having reached that place until after I left, which was on the 20th instant. I shall return to Memphis to-day, for the purpose of fulfilling your instructions. My first intention was to have purchased them here, but I found, on inquiry, that in consequence of Captain Heintzelman having purchased a considerable number in this vicinity, they could not be obtained on as favorable terms as they can be at Memphis. Many of those purchased by Captain H. cost as high as $95.


Captain and Assistant Quartermaster. Major General T. S. JESUP,

Quartermaster General, Washington city.

St. Louis, Missouri, July 9, 1846. GENERAL: On my arrival at Memphis from Louisville, I found that no more horses and mules could be purchased in West Tennessee to advantage than were required to complete the train of the two mounted regiments from Kentucky and Tennessee. I was making preparations to purchase those you ordered in your letter of the 13th in Middle and East Tennessee, when General [Wool] arrived, and, from information derived from him and from an intelligent agent of the department who was with him, (Colonel March, of Illinois,) I became satisfied they could be obtained at least 20 per cent." lower in Missouri, Indiana, and Illinois, than in any part of Tennessee, and in a much shorter time. General Wool, therefore, directed me to come to this place and make the purchase; and in addition to the mules you ordered for the army of occupation, he has required me to purchase 200 to be sent to La Vaca.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.

St. Louis, Missouri, July 10, 1846. GENERAL: I have the honor to enclose herewith a duplicate of a letter mailed to your address yesterday. I find that I was not mistaken in saying that the horses and mules tould be purchased here 20 per cent. lower than in Kentucky or Tennessee. The horses I have already bought average less than $60, and the mules just $60. I am assisted by Colonel March, of Illinois, and Colonels. Gillespie and McEwen, of Tennessee. I shall employ subordinate agents from time to time, as their services become necessary.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.

St. Louis, MISSOURI, July 20, 1846. GENERAL: I shall make one shipment of horses and mules to New Orleans to-day, and another on Wednesday-in all 250. The horses are nearly all purchased. Mules are scarce, but I am sparing no exertions to obtain them. In the course of two weeks, at farthest, I hope to complete the purchase of all that have been ordered.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.'

St. Louis, MISSOURI, July 27, 1846. GENERAI: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your letters of the 17th and 18th instant.

On the 21st I sent 46 mules and 36 horses to Colonel Hunt, and on the 23d 100 horses and 50 mules. In consequence of there being no vessels of sufficiently light draught in port, I have made no shipments since; but to-day I succeeded in getting three vessels to start on Wednesday and Thursday, by which I shall send the remainder of the horses ordered in your letter of the , 13th ult. for the 2d dragoons, and mules for the army of occupation, together with the 200 mules and 24 horses ordered by General Wool.

The 600 mules ordered in your letters of the 17th and 18th I am collecting as rapidly as possible. I hope by the middle of next week to have completed the purchase, and have them ready for transportation to the mouth of Red river.

I have two very efficient agents-Colonel March, of Illinois, and Culonel Gillespie, of Tennessee-men in whom I can repose the uirnost ovidence. The former, as soon as the mules are purchased, I shall send to the mouth of Red river to receive them, and arrange them in droves, with proper drivers, whom I am hiring here. The latter I shall despatch, as soon as he returns from Hannibal, where he is now purchasing animals, to Memphis, Vicksburg, and Natchez, for the purpose of securing all the wagons that can be ! purchased.

I apprehend considerable difficulty in obtaining wagons. This part of the country was exbausted by the demand consequent upon General Kearny's movement upon Santa Fe.

Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.

St. Louis, Missouri, July 28, 1846. GENERAL: I have purchased upwards of 750 animals, at an average cost of from 70 to 80 dollars, including all expeusesforage, hire of agents, teamsters, &c.

I have purchased a few wagons, and have all the good saddlers in the place engaged in making harness, halters, &c. Wagons,

as I informed you in my letter of yesterday, are scarce-in fact, none of any consequence can be obtained here. I shall, however, procure all that can be purchased at Memphis, Vicksburg, and Natchez. Any number could be obtained in Middle and East Tennessee, but the waters of the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers are not in boating order, and therefore, if purchased there, they could not be transported to the Mississippi within any thing like a reasonable time.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartcrmaster.

Red riverbtaining tbebe mouth in care

St. Louis, Missouri, August 2, 1846.. GENERAL: I have the honor to report that on the 30th ult. the purchase and shipment for New Orleans of the horses and mules ordered in your letter of the 13th of June, and those ordered by General Wool, was completed. The whole number shipped from here amounted to 397 mules and 233 horses. Before leaving Louisville I wrote to Major Tompkins, and requested him to purchase some mules I heard were in the vicinity of Columbus. . He informed me on the 15th ult. that he had purchased 45, and expected to obtain 15 more, which he would send to Culonel Iunt. Even if he did not obtain the 15 mentioned, the order will still have been more than filled.

On the 31st ult. I sent 9 horses and 91 mules to the mouth of the Red river in charge of an agent, G. Robinson. I find great difficulty in obtaining the services of suitable agents to assist me. Should the mules leave the mouth of Red river on or before the 20th instant, they will reach the Rio Grande certainly before the Tennessec volunteers, who left Niemphis on the 27th ult., and as soon, if not sooner, than the Kentuckians, who left on the 16th, as they will have nearly 200 miles less to travel, and can be driven farther in one day than the volunteers will march in two.

Unfortunately, Colonel March, to whom I intended to entrust the general management of the droves, is sick, and Colonel Gillespie's health is not such as would justify him in taking the trip. The latter leaves to-morrow morning for Paducah, with orders to ascend the Tennessee river from 30 to 40 miles, and purchase all the wagons and mules he can obtain there. It is a part of the country from which no supplies of any kind have been drawn for the war as yet; and no matter how low the water may be in the Ohio, there is no difficulty in making shipments for Paducah. Should not the wagons leave New Orleans before the 1st of September, they will still be on the Rio Grande before the arrival of the mounted volunteers. I shall send an agent to morrow to purchase all that can be procured at Memphis, Vicksburg, and Natchez, and the country around.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.


Washington, D. C., September 10, 1846. GENERAL: I have the honor to enclose herewith agreements entered into with teamsters and hostlers at St. Louis, for the purpose of conducting horses and mules thence to the army of occupation.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.


Washington, D. C., September 10, 1846. GENERAL: I have the honor to enclose herewith contracts entered into at St. Louis, Missouri, with the masters of the steamers Sea Bird, Admiral, Prairie Bird, Brunswick, Old Hickory, Corinne, Iowa, and John Aull, for the transportation of horses and mules from St Louis to New Orleans and the mouth of Red river.

A. R. HETZEL, Captain and Assistant Quartermaster.


New York, July 18, 1846. GENERAL: I had the honor to transmit to you from Batavia, New York, my report in relation to the wagons offered by Mr. Tomlinson, of Pembroke.

I received this morning the enclosed estimate, which he had made at my suggestion. Still I am of the opinion that these wagons can be made of no very useful purposes until at depot and for short routes, when two or three horses can be used with them.

The alterations proposed will make the price of these wagons about $118, which I consider reasonable.


Assistant Quartermaster. , Major General Th. S. Jesup,

Quartermaster General U. S. Army, Washington, D. C.


New York, July 21, 1846. GENERAL: I have just received your letter of the 20th instant, and communicated a brief reply by telegraph. Mr. Tomlinson cannot get ready, at his manufactory, more than 70 wagons within the period of 30 or 40 days, he having sent 30 of the 100 he mentioned in his letter to you to Southport, on Lake Michigan, which, however, he promises to deliver at Cleveland in time to take the canal with those to be sent from Buffalo. Yet I am of opinion that the Southport wagons cannot undergo the modifications I have

required upon the others; and unless they do, I would not recommend their purchase. The covers I shall have to undertake" at this city, as I find that they cannot properly be made in the country.

A contract, if one be determined on with Mr. Tomlinson, should be rigorous in its requirements in regard to time, to make him obedient to the condition which may limit the work to be done in 30 days. It is necessary for me to know whether it is your intention that I or Captain Clark shall enter into contracts for the harness. It should have the supervision of some judicious person, as there is a great difference in the materials used for such articles, and it is all important that none but the best be sent to Mexico. Harness for 400 horses, or 100 sets for 100 teams of four horses, can be fabricated, probably, in three weeks, at Newark, New Jersey. A good pattern should be furnished, both as to the shape and materials; this, I presume, can be obtained from the ordnance department in this vicinity, or at Watervliet. Permit me to inquire the number of sets of harness you contemplate procuring in this quarter. The Pembroke wagons should be drawn by two horses, or three at most. I have stated that it will require 30 days to send the wagons to New Orleans; this will depend much upon the state of the Ohio river, the conductor to accompany them, and the readiness at which means of transportation can be had at Buffalo; yet, with proper energy, it can be done in the time given.


Assistant Quartermaster. Major Gen. Th. S. JESUP,

Quartermaster General, Washington.

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New York, July 21, 1846. GENERAL JESUP: Mr. Tomlinson asserts that he could get the wagons ready in 30 days; I think he can get only 70 of them ready in Buffalo in 40 days. He had no hands, but enough can be obtained in the neighborhood on short notice. Suitable ready made wagons cannot be procured in this city or vicinity.

The wagons may be sent by the Cleveland canal to New Orleans, probably, in 30 days. I wrote by mail.



New York, July 25, 1846. GENERAL: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your note of yesterday, by telegraph, in relation to the purchase of fifty wagons of Mr. Tomlinson. I have allowed him 20 days, from the 27th instant, to execute your order, and I await his reply, which shall be duly communicated to you when received. I

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