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From the best information I'am able to obtain, the enemy is not in force on this side of the Rio Grande.' A few rancheros are still on the route hence to Matamoras. It is believed that there may be nearly 2,000 troops in that place, but what proportion of regular troops I cannot state with confidence. The arrival of General Ampudia is expected from the interior, but the accounts I receive of his movements are quite contradictory. I am, sir, .very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.

El General en Gefe de las fuerzas avanzadas sobre el enemigo, á los

habitantes de este departamento y a las tropas de su mando. CONCIUDADANOS: La agregacion del departamento de Tejas á los Estados Unidos, promovida y consumada por la tortuosa política del gabinete del Norte, no satisface todavia los proyectos ambiciosos de los degenerados hijos de Washington. El mundo civilizado ha reconocido ya en aquel acto de usurpacion todos los caracteres de la injusticia, de la iniquidad, de la mas escandalosa violacion del derecho de gentes. Indelible es la mancha que oscurecerá perpetuamente las mentidas virtudes del pueblo norte-americano; y la posteridad verá con asombro la pérfida conducta, la inmoralidad de los medios empleados para llevar a cabo la mas degradante depredacion. El derecho de conquista siempre ha sido un crimen contra la humanidad; pero las naciones celosas de su dignidad y reputacion, han procurado siquiera cubrirlo con el brillo de las armas y el prestigio de la victoria. A los Estados Unidos estaba reservado poner en practica la disimulacion, el engaño, las mas bajas insidias para apoderarse, en medio de la paz, del territorio de una nacion amiga, y honrosamente confiada en la 'fe de las promesas, en la solemnidad de los tratados.

No se detiene sin embargo el gabinete del Norte en su carrera de usurpacion. No es solamente el departamento de Tejas la presa á que aspira: su codicia se estiende hasta la rivera izquierda del Rio Bravo. El ejército estacionado hace algun tiempo en Corpus-Cristi, avanza ya para tomar posesion de una gran parte de Tamaulipas; y su vanguardia ha llegado hasta el Arroyo Colorado, punto distante catorce leguas de esta plaza. ¿Que esperanza queda, pues, &

á la república Mexicana de tratar con un enemigo, que al mismo tiempo de procurar adormecer abriendo negociaciones diplomáticas, procede á ocupar un territoria que nunca podrá ser objeto de la cuestion pendiente? Los limites de Tejas son ciertos y reconqa jamas han pasado del Rio de las Nueces is, Americano ha caloon?

ug aus antigüos colonos, y que el principio de que un pueblo independiente tiene derecho para agregarse á otra nacion, no es aplicable al caso de haber sido esta la protectora de la independencia de aquel, con el objeto de admitirlo despues en su seno: aun cuando fuera dable aceptar como acsioma del derecho internacional, que la violacion de toda regla de moralidad y justicia puede servir de título legítimo de adquisicion; todavia el territorio de Tamaulipas quedaría fuera de la ley de agregacion, sancionada por el congreso Americano, porque ella solo comprende á Tejas independiente, al terreno ocupado por la colonia sublevada, y de ninguna manera á otros departamentos, en que el gobierno Mejicano ha ejercido sin interrupcion su legitima autoridad.

Compatriotas: Con un enemigo que no respeta ni sus propias leyes, que se burla sin pudor de los mismos principios que ha invocado ante el mundo entero para cohonestar sus miras ambiciosas, no nos queda otro recurso que el de las armas. Por fortuna siempre estamos dispuestos á empuñarlas con gloria en defensa de la patria: poca es la sangre que corre por nuestras venas cuando se trata de derramarla para vindicar nuestro honor, para afianzar nacionalidad é independencia. Si al torrente devastador que nos amenaza es necesario oponer un dique de acero, lo formarán nuestras espadas, y en sus puntas agudas recogerán los invasores el fruto de su soñada conquista. Si las margenes del Pánuco se han inmortalizado con la derrota de un enemigo respetable y digno del valor Mejicano: las orillas del Bravo seran testigos de la ignominia de los orgullosos hijos del Norte, y sus profundas aguas servirán de sepulcro á los que osaren acercarse á ellas. La llama del patriotismo que arde en nuestros corazones recibirá nuevo pabulo con la odiosa presencia de los conquistadores; y el eco de Dolores y de Iguala resonará con armonía ennuostros oidos, al romper la marcha p:ra oponer nues · tros desnudos pechos á los rifles de los cazadores del Mississippi.

HABITANTES de la frontera: No estamos abandonados á nuestros propios recursos: el supremo gobierno vela infatigable por nuestra seguridad y salvacion." Un ejercito fuerte y aguerrido avanza rápidamente para tomar parte en la lucha; y con su poderoso auxilio alcanzarémos la más completa victoria.' Pero mientras llega el anhelado dia de emprender la gran campaña para reconquistar todo el territorio usurpado, y que nuestras aguilas estiendan sus triunfantes alas sobre las margenes del Sabina; nosotros que tenemos la gloria de encontrarnos al frente de los invasores debemos servir de barrera impenetrable. Nuestra obligacion es tan grande como sagrada: no hay sacrificio que no debamos bacer en las aras de la pátria. Se trata de defender los intereses mas caros al corazon del hombre: se trata de nuestro hogar doméstico: se trata de nuestr..s costumbres: se trata de nuestro idioma: se trata de la augusta creencia que heredamos de nuestros antepasados. Todos estos inapreciables bienes desaparecerian, si los invasores llegasan à afianzar su conquista. ¿Y qué Mejicano digno de este nombre podrà resignarse, sin combatir hasta la muerte, á ver degenerar su noble raza bajó la aborrecible dominacion del extrangero? Ninguno : el elevado sentimiento del honor nacional domina en nuestros corazones; y desde los confines mas remotos de la república volarán á conservarlo ileso, millares de heroes alentados con el ejemplo de Hidalgo y de Morelos,

SOLDADOS : Ha sonado la hora del peligro: conoceis vuestro deber, y sabreis cumplirlo con lealtad y patriotismo. Tengo el honor de encontrarme a vuestro frente, y estoy persuadido del ardor con que deseais el momento del combate. La conciencia de vuestra superioridad os asegura la mas esplendida victoria. Que avance, pues, el enemigo á quien deseais saludar en el campo de batalla : combatirémos, y la corona del triunfo será el merecido premio de vuestro valor y diciplina. ¡A las armas! ¡Viva la nacion Mejicana ! ¡Viva la independencia !

FRANCISCO MEJIA. MATAMORAS, MARZO 18, DE 1846.

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[Translation. )

The general-in-chief of the forces assembled against the enemy,

to the inhabitants of this department and the troops under his command.

FELLOW CITIZENS : The annexation of the department of Texas to the United States, projected and consummated by the tortuous policy of the cabinet of the Union, does not yet satisfy the ambitious desires of the degenerate sons of Washington. The civilized world has already recognised in that act all the marks of injustice, iniquity, and the most scandalous violation of the rights of nations. Indelible is the stain which will forever darken the character for virtue falsely attributed to the people of the United States; and posterity will regard with horror their perfidious conduct, and the immorality of the means employed by them to carry into effect that most degrading depredation. The right of conquest bas always been a crime against humanity ; but nations jealous of their dignity and reputation have endeavored at least to cover it by the splendor of arms, and the prestige of victory. To the United States it has been reserved to put in practice dissimulation, fraud, and the basest treachery, in order to obtain possession, in the midst of peace, of the territory of a friendly nation, which generously relied upon the faith of promises and the solemnity of treaties.

The cabinet of the United States does not, however, stop in its career of usurpation. Not only does it aspire to the possession of the department of Texas, but it covets also the regions on the left bank of the Rio Bravo. Its army, hitherto for some time stationed at Corpus Christi, is now advancing to take possession of a large part of Tamaulipas; and its vanguard has arrived at the Arroyo Colorado, distani 18 leagues from this place. What expectations, therefore, can the Mexican government have of treating with an enemy, who, whilst endeavoring to lull us into security, by open-, ing diplomatic negotiations, proceeds to occupy a territory which never could have been the object of the pending discussion ? The limits of Texas are certain and recognised; never have they extended beyond the river Nueces; notwithstanding which, the American army has crossed the line separating Tamaulipas from that department. Even though Mexico could forget that the United States urged and aided the rebellion of the former colonists, and that the principle giving to an independent people the right to annex itself to another nation is not applicable to the case, in which the latter has been the protector of the independence of the former, with the object of admitting it into its own bosom'; even though it could be accepted as an axiom of international law, that the violation of every rule of morality and justice might serve as a legitimate title for acquisition; nevertheless, the territory of Tamaulipas would still remain beyond the law of annexation, sanctioned by the American Congress; because that law comprises independent Texas, the ground occupied by the rebellious colony, and in no wise includes other departments, in which the Mexican government has uninterruptedly exercised its legitimate authority.

Fellow-countrymen : With an enemy which respects not its own laws, which shamelessly derides the very principles invoked by it previously, in order to excuse its ambitious views, we have no other resource than arms. We are fortunately always prepared to take them up with glory, in defence of our country ; little do we regard the blood in our veins, when we are called on to shed it in vindication of our honor, to assure our nationality and independence. If to the torrent of devastation which threatens us it be' necessary to oppose a dike of steel, our swords will form it; and on their sharp points will the enemy receive the fruits of his anticipated conquest. If the banks of the Panuco have been immortalized by the defeat of an enemy, respectable and worthy of the valor of Mexico, those of the Bravo shall witness the ignominy of the proud sons of the north, and its deep waters shall serve as the sepulchre of those who dare to approach it. The flame of patriotism which burns in cur hearts will receive new fuel from the odious presence of the conquerors; and the cry of Dolores and Iguala shall be re-echoed with harmony to our ears, when we take up our march to oppose our naked breasts to the rifles of the hunters of the Mississippi.

Inhabitants of the frontier : We are not left to our own resources; the supreme government watches indefatigably for our safety and protection. A strong and warlika

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enter upon the gr... Litiumyüest on the territory of which we have been despoiled, and to carry our eagles in triumph to the banks of the Sabine, we, who have the glory to be in front of the invaders, must serve as an impenetrable barrier. Our obligation is great as it is sacred, and there is no sacrifice which we are not bound to make upon the altars of our country. We have to defend the interests most dear to the heart of man : our domestic hearths, our customs, our language, the august faith handed down to us by our ancestors, all are at stake. All these inestimable blessings will vanish if the invaders succeed in establishing their conquest. And what Mexican, worthy of the name of Mexican, can resign himself without fighting to the death to see his noble race degenerate under the abhorred dominion of foreigners? No one; the high sentiment of national honor rules in our hearts, and from the remotest confines of the republic thousands of heroes will fly, animated by the example of Hidalgo and Morelos, to preserve its integrity.

Soldiers: The hour of danger is come; you know your duty, and will fulfil it with honor and patriotism. I have the honor to be at your head, and I am persuaded of the ardor with which you will look forward to the moment of combat. Consciousness of your superiority assures to you the most splendid victory. Let the enemy then come, whom you are burning to meet on the field of battle. We will fight and the crown of triumph shall be the merited reward of your valor and discipline. To arms! The Mexican nation forever! Independence forever!

FRANCISCO MEJIA. MATAMORAS, March 18, 1846.

HEAD-QUARTERS, ARMY OF OCCUPATION,

Point Isabel, March 25, 1846. Sir: I respectfully report that I marched on the morning of the 23d instant with the entire army, from the camp near the Colarado, in the order prescribed in my order No. 35, here with enclosed. After a march of fifteen miles, we reached, on the morning of the 24th, a point on the route from Matamoras to Point Isabel, eighteen miles from the former and ten from the latter place. Í here left the infantry brigades under Brigadier General Worth, with instructions to proceed in the direction of Matamaras until he came to a suitable position for encampment, where he would halt, holding the route in observation, while I proceeded with the cavalry to this point to communicate with our transports, supposed to have arrived in the harbor, and make the necessary arrangements for the establishment and defence of a depot.

While on my way hither, our column was approached by a party on its right flank, bearing a white flag. It proved to be a civil de putation from Matamoras, desiring an interview with me. I informed them that I would halt at the first suitable place on the road and afford them the desired interview. It was, however, found necessary, from the want of water, to continue the route to this place. The deputation halted while yet some miles from Point Isabel, declining to come further, and sent me a formal protest of the prefect of the northern district of Tamaulipas against our occupation of the country, which I enclose herewith. At this moment, it

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