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at present add more than one to the number of companies already there. Infantry may be subsisted at a comparatively small rate.

Recent arrivals from the Rio Grande bring no news whatever. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. 3. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D.C.

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Corpus Christi, Texas, January 7, 1846. Sir: For the information of the general-in-chief and War Department, I make the following extract a private letter lately received at this place from our consul at Matamoras, and dated December 24, 1845:

"Our accounts from the interior are, that General Paredes, at San Luis, is about rising against the government; it is given out that he and his party are against treating with the United States. Our minister, Mr. John Slidell, of New Orleans, has arrived at Mexico; so, if the revolution does not break out, we shall shortly have a treaty, I hope. General Arista rests quiei, to see, perhaps, what success attends General Paredes. In this part of the country the people are in favor of peace, and, I should judge, oi a treaty with the United States, but a considerable excitement has been produced by the news froin General Paredes.

" A little schooner (the Susanna, of New Orleans,) has come in here in distress. She was seized by our custom house, and the captain was imprisoned, but is released upon bail. I have forwarded some documents to Mexico respecting her.”

We have intelligence from Matamoras as late as the 1st instant, to the effect that a courier had arrived from the interior, bringing the news that Paredes, with a large force, was within thirty leagues of the city of Mexico; that much excitement prevailed in Matamoras in favor of Paredes, and against Herrera. It is also stated that the officers of the garrison bad declared for Paredes. I look with great anxiety for further news from Mexico.

The above intelligence is received from Matamoras. We have many arrivals from other points on the river, but they bring no intelligence of interest. A recent scout of volunteers from San Antonio struck the river near Presidio, Rio Grande, and the commander reports everything quiet in that quarter. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, · Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, Texas, February 4, 1846. Sir: I respectfully acknowledge the communication of the Secretary of War, dated January 13th, and containing the instructions of the President to move forward with my force to the Rio Grande. I shall lose no time in making the necessary preparations for carrying out those instructions.

The occupation of Point Isabel or Brazos Santiago as a depot will be indispensable. That point and a position on or near the river opposite Matamora's will I think answer all present purposes. At any rate, I shall not separate my force further until the position of affairs shall render it entirely safe to do so.

I propose to abandon this position entirely, as soon after our march as the stores, hospital, &c., can be transferred to St. Joseph's island. It will not be necessary to keep up an establishment at that point for the present, although our supplies will come to Point Isabel direct from New Orleans.

In reply to the call of the Secretary for information as to what means, if any, will be required "s to enforce and inaintain our common right to navigate” the Rio Grande, I would respectfully state that, until I reach the river and ascertain the condition of things in the frontier States of Mexico, temper of the people, &c., I cannot give any satisfactory answer to the question. I have every reason to believe that the people residing on the river are well disposed towards our government. Our advance to the Rio Grande will itself produce a powerful effect, and it may be that the common navigation of the river will not be disputed. It is very important to us, and will be indispensable when posts are established higher up, as must ultimately be the case.

I shall not call for any militia force in addition to what I already have, unless unforeseen circumstances shall render its employment necessary.

I beg leave again to call the attention of the department to the necessity of having our movement and position at Brazos Santiago covered by a small armed vessel. I deem this vitally important, and hope it will meet with favorable consideration.

We have no news from the interior of Mexico more recent than that derived from the New Orleans papers of the 26th January. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, Tezas, February 16, 1846. Sir: I respectfully report that I received last evening by the sloop-of-war “St. Mary's” a communication from Comm;

Connor, commanding the home squadron, dated the 4th instant, in which he announces his intention to proceed with the squadron to Vera Cruz, and desires to know in what way he can co-operate with the land force under my command. I have informed the commodore that I am about to move to the Rio Grande under instructions from the War Department, and have desired him to give me the support of one or two small vessels to assist us, if necessary, in taking possession of Brazos Santiago, and at all events to' coter the establishment of a depot at that point. I deem this co-operation very opportune and necessary, and am gratified to obtain it.. Commodore Connor will be enabled, at the same time, to communi. cate directly with me and furnish the latest intelligence from Vera Cruz and the city of Mexico.

Examinations are now in progress of the two routes to Point Isabel-that by the main land and that by Padre island.. The reports of the officers charged with them will determine the route of march. Our train, which is necessarily very heavy, is rapidly organizing, and we shall be able to commence the movement abrut the 1st of March.

Many reports will doubtless reach the department, giving exaggerated accounts of Mexican preparations to resist our advance, ifnot indeed to attempt an invasion of Texas. Such reports have been circulated even at this place, and owe their origin to personal interests connected with the stay of the army here. I trust that they will receive no attention ať the War Department. From the best information I am able to obtain, and which I deem as authentic as any, I do not believe that our advance to the banks of the Rio Grande will be resisted. The army, however, will go fully prepared for a state of hostilities, should they unfortunately be provoked by the Mexicans. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. Ai, commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL of the Army,

Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, Texas, February 26, 1846. Sir: I have to report that the preparations for a forward movement of this command are now nearly completed. The examinations spoken of in my report of the 16th instant have shown the practicability of both routes—by the main land and by Padre island. The reconnoisance of Padre island extended to its southern extremity, and included the harbor of Brazos Santiago and Point Isabel; that of the main route reached to a point near the Little Colorado. A depot, with four days' forage, and subsistence for the army, will be thrown forward some forty miles, to the Santa Gertrudes. A detachment of two companies, to establish and cover

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this depot, will march, on the 28th, under Brevet Major Grabam. In about a week thereafter, say the 7th of March, the cavalry will march, to be followed, at intervals of one day, by the brigades of infantry. By the 25th of March, at latest, I hope to be in position on the Rio Grande.

I have taken occasion to represent to some citizens of Matamoras, who were here with a large number of mules for sale, and who are represented to have considerable influence at home, that the United States government, in occupying the Rio Grande, has no motive of hostility towards Mexico, and that the army will, in no case, go beyond the river, unless hostilities should be commenced by the Mexicans themselves; that the Mexicans, living on this side, will not be disturbed in any way by the troops; that they will be protected in all their rights and usages; and, ihat everything wbich the army'may need, will be purchased from them at fair prices. I also stated that, until the matter should be finally adjusted between the two governments, the barbor of Brazos Santiago would be open to the free use of Mexicans, as heretofore. The same views were impressed upon the Mexican custom-house officer at Brazos Santiago, by Captain Hardee, who commanded the escort that corered the reconnoissance of Padre island.

We are entirely without news of interest from the frontier, or the interior of Mexico; our latest date from the capital being the 21st of January, and the same from Vera Cruz. I am, sir, very respectsully, your obedient servant,

Z. TAYLOR, Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A., commanding. The ADJUTANT GENERAL

Of the Army, Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, Teras, March 8, 1846. Sır: I respectfully report that the advance of the army, composed of the cavalry and Major Ringgold's light artillery, the whole under the command of Colonel Twiggs, took up the line of march this morning, in the direction of Matamoras; its strength being 23 officers, and 378 men. The advance will be followed in succession by the brigades of infantry, the last brigade marching on the 11th instant. The roads are in good order, the weather fine, and the troops in excellent condition for service.

Major Munroe will embark for Brazos Santiago in season to reach that harbor about the time the army will be in the vicinity of Point Isabel. He takes with him a siege train and a field battery. Captain Sanders, of the engineers, the officers of ordnance, and the pay department, accompany Major Munroe.

The movement, by water, to Brazos Santiago, will be covered by the revenue cutter “Woodbury,” Captain Foster, whose compander has kindly placed her at my disposal for this service.

All proper arrangements have been made by the staff depart-, ments for supplying the army on the route, as well as establishing a depot for its further wants at Point Isabel,

I have deemed it proper to cause iny "orders" No. 30, to be translated into Spanish, and circulated on the Rio Grande. Sixty copies have already been sent in advance of the army to Matamoras, Camargo, and Mier. This form of giving publicity to the spirit which actuates our movement, in occupying the country, I thought preferable to a proclamation., I trust the order itself will meet the approval of the department. A few copies of the translation are herewith enclosed.

I shall again communicate with general head-quarters before I march, and I expect to do so, at least, once on the route.

My head-quarters will march with the rear brigade, but will soon pass to the advance of the army. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,


Brevet Brig. Gen. U. S. A, comd' The ADJUTANT GENERAL

Of the Army; Washington, D. C.


Corpus Christi, 8 de Marzo de 1846. Orden No. 30.

No. El exercito de ocupacion en Tejas, estando ya para tomar, posicion sobre la banda izquierda del Rio Grande, bajo las ordenes del Executivo de los Estados Unidos, el general en gefe desea espresar la esperanza que el movimiento sera provechoso á todos los interesados, y para cumplir exactamente con un fin tan laudable, ha mandado a todos de su mando, que mantengan, bajo el mas escrupuloso respeto, los derechos de los habitantes que se encuentren en ocupacion pacifico de sus respectivos avocaciones, tanto sobre la banda izquierda, como la derecha del Rio Grande. Bajo ningun pretesto, ni de cuelesquiera manera, se ha de entremeter en los derechos civiles, ni los privilegios religiosos de los habitantes; pero siempre mantendra el mayor respeto á ambos.

Cualesquiera cosa que se necesité para el gasto del exercito, serà comprado por el provedor, y pagado a los mejores precios. El general en gefe tiene la satisfaccion de decir, que tiene confianza en el patriotismo y la disciplina del exercito bajo su mando y está seguro de que sus ordenes serán obedecidos con la mayor exactitud.

Z. TAYLOR, Bt. Bd. Gen. en Gefe, exercito de los Estados Unidos.

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