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Statement showing the net produce of the revenues arising from the undernamed taxes or rents in each State of
the republic in 1844.
HEAD-QUARTERS OF THE ARMY,
Mexico, January 6, 1848. To the United States commander of the military department of
Sir: Referring to general orders, Nos. 376 and 395, late series, and to No. 8, of the current year, you are instructed to commencé collecting or levying the assessments imposed upon the State of
, on account of the last month, without unnecessary delay.
To effecf the object, through the proper Mexican authorities, you will invite payments by them, and do all in your power in the way of conciliation. After a reasonable time, should you fail to conçiliate voluntary payments, you will proceed to forced levies. As your command is not co-extensive with the State, correspond directly with the other commanders within the same, with a view to à concert in measures and time, before proceeding to forced levies, and report to me all important incidents and results.
The execution of the orders referred to will be both delicate and difficult. With great confidenee in your zeal and discretion, I remain, sir, respectfully, yours,
WINFIELD SCOTT. [Addressed to the commanders of military departments of Puebla, Jalapa, Vera Cruz, Tampico and Perote; duplicate.]
Respectfully transmitted by direction of the general-in-chief.
H. L. SCOTT,
A. A. A. General. . JANUARY 14, 1848.
TACUBAYA, Mexico, January 2, 1847. MAJOR: Yesterday the report of the major general, commanding first division of the army, on entering Mexico, made its appearance. On reading it, I was much mortified to find that seven out of ten company officers of my regiment, at that time on duty, were mentioned for gallantry and good conduct, and that I, senior, was nnt named. The army and the world would naturally conclude from that report that I had been far from conspicuous. It is not my wish to produce the impression that my conduct was better on that occasion than that of any other officer, but it is my wish to show, as far as practicable, that it was surpassed by none.
I am of opinion that the commanding general of division, in making up his report, was governed, in a very great degree, by the reports of Brevet Colonel Garland and yourself, and that he will be pleased to give me some credit when he shall be better informed. Two days since, you mentioned to me that you did not know that I had taken the small breast-work immediately in front of San Cosmé garita, but supposed that Captain Brooks, 2d artillery, and Lieutenant Grant, 4th infantry, were with or in advance of
The following are the facts in the case: Our column advanced under a very heavy fire (as you know) to within some sixty yards of the angle of the San Cosmé road; by this time our number had become so small, it was deemed prudent, apparently, to stop, and if possible get reinforcements. It was the good fortune of Captain B., Lieutenant G. and myself to be in advance. After firing some fifteen minutes, the two officers above named proceeded by our left, (round the English cemetery,) with a few men, and charged the enemy on their right; I, at the same time made a rush upon the front, and we cleared the work. We had moved, but a short distance before some of them ran; a small number, hosever, kept their places until we came within twenty yards. The moment was a very exciting one, and I do not know whether the two officers by the right or myself were first to reach the centre of the work, but do not contend for it, feeling, as I do, that they not only deserve all the credit given them, but much more, as do also all persons named in the general's report. The command proceeded rapidly after the enemy, up the road. I was somewhat retarded in keeping back our color-bearer, (who had already been severely wounded, but begged permission to retain them, and did so until some fifty yards in front of the next work, when he fell, shot through the brain,) for fear they might be taken from our little party. I soon found myself in advance, and kept it, being the first person to arrive at the small breast-work, half way across the road, immediately in front of San Cosmé; before reaching it, we were under very severe fire of shot, grape, &c. No officer of the army but myself reached the work at this time, and no officer, except myself, claims to have done so. Lieutenant Semmes, of the marines, and some fifteen men, most of them of my own company, kept near me and reached the work. Captain B., Lieutenant G., Lieutenant Judah and, I think, Lieutenant Sedgwick obtained a position only a short distance in my rear, covered by a projection of some houses on our left. I held the work some fifteen minutes, and during the time heard the order from the rear to fall back, but determined to hold the place, and so informed my party; bat, seeing the party near me had retired, and some of my own men gone, I reluctantly gave it up, seeing the danger my small force was in, and knowing we could do no good. In running back, Ser geant Donovan was shot by my side, by the fire from the gate. After the regiment was re-formed, and we took the same point a second time, by moving to the rear and round the right of the church, Lieutenant Grant and myself were the two first persons to gain it; one of our men shot a Mexican soldier at the work after our taking it. At this place, you will remember, Colonel Garland arrived (while we were waiting for mining tools) and kept us for
I respectfully submit the foregoing, with the request that you will be pleased to notice it as you may deem it worthy, and forward it to the commander of the late first division. In conclusion,
I beg leave to state that I do not wish to claim anything for which any officer may have received credit, as they all deserve even more than has been awarded them; but I wish to place the facts of my own case fully before yourself and the division commander; and feel that both you and himself will be pleased to give me some credit, after knowing the facts. The position I had attained at 1, p. m., on the 13th, was in advance of the army. It was creditable to my regiment, and to myself. I have the honor to be, sir, your most obedient servant,
JNO. H. GORE,
First Lieut. 4th Infantry. To Major F. LEE, 4th Infantry, commanding the regiment.
[Endorsement.] It gives me much satisfaction to be able to fully concur with Lieutenant Gore in the whole of the within remarks; the substance of the most of them being embraced in my official report of the action of the 4th infantry at the capture of the city; and furthermore, I am most happy to give testimony to the gallantry of Lieutenant Gore, not only on this occasion, but in the two other battles in this valley, in which he was engaged, Churubusco and Molino del Rey, where he did conspicuous and good service; and was noticed in my official reports of both, with credit and distinction.
FRANCIS LEE. Major 4th Infantry, commanding regiment.
* Mexico, January 5, 1847. [1848.] I am fully aware of the zealous soldiership and gallantry of Lieutenant Gore, and shall greatly regret if the injustice of omission has been done him. The regimental reports are not before me, nor within my reach, nor am I in correspondence with any authority in this army or the government. This being the case, I am not at liberty to take any further action than to make this endorsement, with which the paper is returned to the regimental commander.
W. J. WORTH. Major LEE,
Čommanding 4th Infantry.
JANUARY 14, 1818. Respectfully transmitted by the direction of the general-inchief.
H. L. SCOTT, A. A. A. Gen.
City of Mexico, October 5, 1847. SIR: I have the honor to make, for your information, a statement which justice to my company and to myself demands.
On the 8th ultimo, I was in command of H company, of the 5th infantry, which was one of the four companies of the light infantry battalion commanded on that day by Captain E. K. Smith. 5th infantry. At the time of the commencement of the action of Molino del Rey, the battalion was in reserve near the battery commanded by Captain Huger. Soon after the fire from the enemy's lines opened, it was ordered to advance to support the assaulting party, a portion of which party had entered the Mexican battery but were driven out again by superior numbers of the enemy. The assaulting party was immediately thrown into consusion. It was just at this critical moment that the light battalion was ordered to charge, which it did, and entered the gateway between two of the buildings on the left of the enemy's lines, known as the mills. I had the honor to be the first to pass this gateway. Sergeant Flyn, of H company, 5th infantry, was the first man to report to me. My company followed him, mixed with the other companies of the battalion. Immediately after passing the gateway, I went to the housetop, on which I found the enemy in position in a trench, or mill-race, which runs around two sides of the house, to the left of the gate as you enter. My men followed me to the housetop, where we contended for a short time with the enemy, and effectually slenced his fire. But two escaped, to my knowledge, and they were both severely wounded. Captain Reeve, 8th infantry, placed a portion of his men on a shed, where they kept up a most destructive fire on the Mexicans on the housetops. They fought desple: rately, as we had cut off their only means of retreat. I even found 'it necessary for me to use a muskęt for my personal defence.
I had forgot to mention that, a short time after I went to the housetop, Captain E. K. Smith came up. The enemy kept up a con: tinual fire on us from his battery, which was about one hundred yards from the gateway, and to the left as you enter. I came down from the housetop—the idea struck me that we could charge the battery and take it. I resolved at once to put it in executic I. Fortune favored me with a good opportunity; for, just at this time, a regiment of our troops appeared on the plain, some distance in front, and to the left of the battery. The Mexicans saw then, and I discovered that they showed signs of uneasiness, and a dis position to leave the battery. This was the moment to charge. gave the command, and with a cheer we went at the battery, and into it. Again, sir, I had the gratification of being the first to enter the battery. A destructive fire, poured upon us from the housetops to the left, and extending to the rear of the battery, stopped a large portion of the men who started with me in the charge. They halted to return the fire, and drove the enemy troops from the side of the house next to them, so that I entered the battery with but few men. Sergeant Flynn, of H company, 5th infantry, and Private Murray, of same company, being the only men in the battery with me. Lieutenant Simpson cam as far as to the wall which surrounds the guns, and seeing that were too weak to hold the battery, returned to bring up more 11 With the assistance of the two men above mentioned, I attempt