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them both out. If I find a reason pro equal to some two reasons con I strike out the three. If I judge some two reasons con equal to some three reasons pro, I strike out the five; and, thus proceeding, I find at length where the balance lies; and if, after a day or two of farther consideration, nothing new that is of importance occurs on either side, I come to a determination accordingly. And though the weight of reasons cannot be taken with the precision of algebraic quantities, yet, when each is thus considered separately and comparatively, and the whole lies before me, I think I can judge better, and am less liable to make a rash step ; and, in fact, I have found great advantage from this kind of equation, in what may be called moral or prudential algebra.

Wishing sincerely that you may determine for the best, I am ever, my dear friend, yours most affectionately,

B. FRANKLIN.

Mr. Strahan.

Philadelphia, July 5, 1775.

You are a member of Parliament, and one of that majority which has doomed my country to destruction. You have begun to burn our towns and murder our people. Look upon your hands! they are stained with the blood of your relations! You and I were long friends : you are now my enemy and I am yours,

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To General Washington.

Passy, March 5, 1780. SIR, I received but lately the letter your excel. lency did me the honour of writing to me in recommendation of the Marquis de Lafayette. His modesty detained it long in his own hands. We became acquainted, however, from the time of his arrival at Paris ; and his zeal for the honour of our country, his activity in our affairs here, and his firm attachment to our cause and to you, impressed me with the same regard and esteem for him that your excellency's letter would have done had it been immediately delivered to me.

Should peace arrive after another campaign or two, and afford us a little leisure, I should be happy to see your excellency in Europe, and to accompany you, if my age and strength would permit, in visiting some of its most an. cient and famous kingdoms. You would, on this side the sea, enjoy the great reputation you have acquired, pure and free from those little shades that the jealousy and envy of a man's countrymen and contemporaries are ever endeavouring to cast over living merit. Here you

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would know and enjoy what posterity will say
of Washington. For a thousand leagues have
nearly the same effect with a thousand years.
The feeble voice of those grovelling passions
cannot extend so far either in time or distance.
At present I enjoy that pleasure for you, as I
frequently hear the old generals of this martial
country (who study the maps of America, and
mark upon them all your operations) speak with
sincere approbation and great applause of your
conduct, and join in giving you the character
of one of the greatest captains of the age.

I must soon quit the scene, but you may
live to see our country flourish, as it will amaz-
ingly and rapidly after the war is over. Like
a field of young Indian corn, which long fair
weather and sunshine had enfeebled and dis
coloured, and which in that weak state, by a
thunder-gust of violent wind, hail, and rain,
seemed to be threatened with absolute destruc-
tion ; yet the storm being past, it recovers fresh
verdure, shoots up with double vigour, and de-
lights the eye not of its owner only, but of every
observing traveller.

The best wishes that can be formed for your health, honour, and happiness, ever attend you, from yours, &c.,

B. FRANKLIN.

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To Dr. Mather, Boston.

Passy, May 12, 1784. REV. SIR, I received your kind letter with your excellent advice to the people of the United States, which I read with great pleasure, and hope it will be duly regarded. Such writings, though they may be lightly passed over by many readers, yet if they make a deep impression on one active mind in a hundred, the effects may be considerable. Permit me to mention one little instance, which, though it relates to myself, will not be quite uninteresting to you. When I was a boy I met with a book entitled Essays to do Good, which I think was written by your father. It had been so little regarded by a former possessor, that several leaves of it were torn out: but the remainder gave me such a turn of thinking as to have an influence on my conduct through life ; for I have always set a greater value on the character of a doer of good, than on any other kind of reputation ; and if I have been, as you seem to think, a useful citizen, the public owes the advantage of it to that book. You mention your being in your 78th year : I am in my 79th ; we are grown old

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