Eruptions that Shook the World

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Cambridge University Press, 26.05.2011
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What does it take for a volcanic eruption to really shake the world? Did volcanic eruptions extinguish the dinosaurs, or help humans to evolve, only to decimate their populations with a super-eruption 73,000 years ago? Did they contribute to the ebb and flow of ancient empires, the French Revolution and the rise of fascism in Europe in the 19th century? These are some of the claims made for volcanic cataclysm. Volcanologist Clive Oppenheimer explores rich geological, historical, archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records (such as ice cores and tree rings) to tell the stories behind some of the greatest volcanic events of the past quarter of a billion years. He shows how a forensic approach to volcanology reveals the richness and complexity behind cause and effect, and argues that important lessons for future catastrophe risk management can be drawn from understanding events that took place even at the dawn of human origins.
 

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Eruptions That Shook the World

Nutzerbericht  - Book Verdict

"Shaking the world" doesn't refer to the earthquakes that accompany volcanic eruptions but to the watershed moments in human history that massive volcanic eruptions have caused. Volcanoes can affect ... Vollständige Rezension lesen

Inhalt

how volcanoes work
1
2 Eruption styles hazards and ecosystem impacts
22
3 Volcanoes and global climate change
53
4 Forensic volcanology
77
5 Relics myths and chronicles
109
6 Killer plumes
140
7 Human origins
166
8 The ash giantsulphur dwarf
181
dark nature?
253
12 The haze famine
269
13 The last great subsistence crisis in the Western world
295
14 Volcanic catastrophe risk
320
Large eruptions
355
Further reading and data sources
364
References
369
Index
385

9 European volcanism in prehistory
208
10 The rise of Teotihuacán
240

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Über den Autor (2011)

Clive Oppenheimer is a Reader in Volcanology and Remote Sensing at the University of Cambridge and a Research Associate of 'Le Studium' Institute for Advanced Studies at ISTO (University of Orlans/CNRS). His research focuses on understanding the chemistry and physics of volcanism, and the climatic and human impacts of eruptions in antiquity. He has carried out fieldwork worldwide in collaboration with archaeologists, atmospheric scientists and other geologists. Since 2003, he has studied the lava lake of Erebus volcano with the US Antarctic Program. In 2005 the Royal Geographical Society presented him with the Murchison Award 'for publications enhancing the understanding of volcanic processes and impacts'. Dr Oppenheimer is a co-author with Peter Francis of a leading volcanology textbook and has contributed widely to television and film documentaries on volcanoes, including Werner Herzog's 'Encounters at the End of the World' and most recently, for Discovery, the History Channel, the BBC, Teachers' TV and National Geographic.

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