Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences
Committee on Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences, Water Science and Technology Board, Division on Earth and Life Studies, National Research Council
National Academies Press, 16.10.2012 - 175 Seiten
New research opportunities to advance hydrologic sciences promise a better understanding of the role of water in the Earth system that could help improve human welfare and the health of the environment. Reaching this understanding will require both exploratory research to better understand how the natural environment functions, and problem-driven research, to meet needs such as flood protection, supply of drinking water, irrigation, and water pollution. Collaboration among hydrologists, engineers, and scientists in other disciplines will be central to meeting the interdisciplinary research challenges outline in this report. New technological capabilities in remote sensing, chemical analysis, computation, and hydrologic modeling will help scientists leverage new research opportunities.
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1 The Hydrologic Sciences
An Agent of Change
3 Water and Life
4 Clean Water for People and Ecosystems
A Path Forward
Contributors to the Report Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences
Biographical Information Committee on Challenges and Opportunities in the Hydrologic Sciences
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agriculture American Geophysical Union aquatic ecosystems aquifer areas atmosphere Available online basin biogeochemical biogeochemistry biological biota carbon channel chemical clean water climate change climate models climate system collaboration committee complex contaminants critical disciplines drought dynamics ecohydrology ecological ecosystem services effects energy environment environmental evapotranspiration evolution example exohydrology field Figure flood floodplains flow regimes fluxes freshwater future Geological geomorphology Geophysical geosciences global groundwater habitat heterogeneity human hydrologic cycle hydrologic processes hydrologic science hydrologic scientists hydrologists impact important increased interactions interdisciplinary land landscapes low flow measurements National Academy natural needed networks nutrient organisms paleoclimate plant potential precipitation predict programs recharge regional remote sensing replumbing research opportunities restoration river runoff scales scientific sediment sensor soil moisture SOURCE spatial stream streamflow subsurface surface water Technology temperature terrestrial tion transport U.S. Geological Survey understanding University urban variability water cycle water quality water resources watershed wetlands WSTB