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abacus angles annulets antient antiquity appear arch architrave Athens base beam beautiful bottom breadth buildings called capital cavetto channels columns cornice corona curve diameter distance divided Doric Order Doric Portico draw Drawn drops echinus edge ELEMENTS Elevation ends Engraved entablature equal example extremities face figures fillet finish five flutes FOLIAGE four frize front frustums give greater GRECIAN ARCHITECTURE Grecian Doric Greek guttæ half height Ichnography Ionic Italy Jupiter kind leaves length less London lower Lowry manner measures metopes middle minutes modules mouldings mutules nearly Nicholson numbers object original ornaments ovolo parallel perpendicular placed plane PLATE projecture proportion Published quarter rafters relieved remains renders represented ROMAN ARCHITECTURE Roman Doric Rome round rule shadowed shaft showing sides similar soffit surface taken Temple of Minerva Theatre of Marcellus Theseus tions triglyph upper vertical Vitruvius volutes whole
Seite 29 - Greeks, sufficiently shows it to have been made for Jupiter. At his right hand is another figure covered half way down the legs, coming towards him ; which perhaps was a Victory, leading the horses of Minerva's triumphal chariot, which follows it; the horses are finished with great art ; the vigour and...
Seite 17 - Juno, which was formed by chance of this order, and was afterwards used in the other cities of Achaia, while yet the ratio of its symmetries was not discovered.! Afterwards the Athenians, according to the responses of the Delphian Apollo, by the common consent of all Greece, sent out thirteen colonies at one time into Asia, and, appointing a leader to each colony, they gave the chief command to Ion, the son of Xenthus and Creusa, whom also Apollo of Delphos acknowledged as his son.
Seite 63 - ... applied in Greek buildings, one instance excepted, which is the portico of Philip, King of Macedón. THE EFFECT OF GRECIAN MOULDINGS, COMPARED WITH THE ROMAN OF THE SAME KIND. I. Of the Ovólo. The bending or turning inwards of the upper edge of the Grecian ovólo causes, when the sun shines on its surface, a beautiful variety of light and shade, which greatly relieves it from plane surfaces ; and if it be entirely in shadow, but receive a reflected light, the bending or turning inwards at the...
Seite 28 - ... over this fillet ; make the height of the corona one third of a module, or ten minutes, having a projecture over the fillet one minute ; make the height of the small echinus one minute and a quarter ; over the echinus, make a fillet of the same height; over the fillet, make another echinus six minutes and a half high, and two minutes will remain for the height of the fillet above the echinus. In order to establish the proportions and true taste of the original Doric Order, the following examples...
Seite 40 - On the epistylium are placed the triglyphs with the metopes, having the height of one module and a half, and the breadth in front one module ; they must be so distributed, that they may be over the centre of the columns at the angles, and two between each column.
Seite 84 - It is thought, from the little differences between the shaft at the base and that immediately under the capital, that the base which is here exhibited did not belong to the capital shown at Fig. 1, but to some of the interior columns ; for the...
Seite 101 - The dénteles, which are a striking feature in this order, show here to very great advantage, their bold and singular projecture greatly relieving them from each other. The architrave is well proportioned to itself, and also to the cornice ; the capital is elegant, and the spirals of the volutes are beautifully drawn. The surprising delicacy of the ornaments, and their bold relief, with the grand ratio of the parts and mouldings to each olher, render this one of the most beautiful examples of the...
Seite 25 - ... every metope, placed directly in the middle of each ; that is to say, a vertical plane perpendicular through the middle of every metope, and also through the middle of every triglyph, would pass through the ends of all the rafters, and divide them into two equal rectangles ; and if over the rafters be laid a beam, the front of which, being a plane parallel to the ends of the rafters, has a projecture ; and if the void spaces between each two rafters, and the under side of the beam above the rafters,...