The Birth of the Gods and the Origins of Agriculture
Cambridge University Press, 27.07.2000 - 259 Seiten
Jacques Cauvin has spent many years researching the beginnings of the Neolithic in the Near East, excavating key sites and developing new ideas to explain the hugely significant cultural, social and economic changes which transformed mobile hunter-gatherers into the first village societies and farmers in the world. In this book, first published in 2000, the synthesis of his mature understanding of the process beginning around 14,000 years ago challenges ecological and materialist interpretations, arguing for a quite different kind of understanding influenced by ideas of structuralist archaeologists and members of the French Annales school of historians. Defining the Neolithic Revolution as essentially a restructuring of the human mentality, expressed in terms of new religious ideas and symbols, the survey ends around nine thousand years ago, when the developed religious ideology, the social practice of village life and the economy of mixed farming had become established throughout the Near East and east Mediterranean, and spreading powerfully into Europe.
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Natural environment and human cultures on the eve of the Neolithic
The Revolution in Symbols and the origins of Neolithic religion
the sociocultural context
strategies of subsistence
THE BEGINNINGS OF NEOLITHIC DIFFUSION
Diffusion into the central and southern Levant
The problem of diffusion in the Neolithic
The completion of the neolithic process in theLevantine nucleus
The arrival of farmers on the Mediterranean littoral and in Cyprus
the eastern Jezirah and the Syrian
Hypotheses for the spread of the Neolithic
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Abu Hureyra aceramic agriculture Ain Ghazal already animal appear archaeology architecture arrow-heads Aswad Aswadian Aurenche baked clay Bar-Yosef barley Beidha blades bone Bouqras building bull Byblos Byblos points Cafer Hoyiik Catalhoyiik Cauvin Cayonii central Anatolia cultivation culture Cyprus Damascus diffusion domesticated early PPNB eastern economy eighth millennium einkorn environment Epi-palaeolithic excavations existed final PPNB flint goats Goddess Halula herding human hunter-gatherers hunting Jerf el Ahmar Jericho Jezirah Jordan valley Kebaran Khiamian Khirokitia Kowm late PPNB Levantine Magdalenian material Mediterranean middle Euphrates middle PPNB millennium BC Mureybet Natufian natural Neolithic Revolution neolithisation Netiv Hagdud Nevah Cori ninth millennium northern obsidian origin Palaeolithic phase plaster population pottery PPNA prehistoric present pressure flaked Ramad rectangular region remains round houses sanctuaries sedentary seems settlement seventh millennium Shillourokambos Sinjar skulls southern Levant species steppe Stordeur subsistence Sultanian symbolic Syria Taurus tion tradition villages wild cereals Zagros zone