Philosophical Foundations of Human Rights
What makes something a human right? What is the relationship between the moral foundations of human rights and human rights law? What are the difficulties of appealing to human rights? This book offers the first comprehensive survey of current thinking on the philosophical foundations of human rights. Divided into four parts, this book focusses firstly on the moral grounds of human rights, for example in our dignity, agency, interests or needs. Secondly, it looks at the relationship between moral groundings in human rights law and politics. Thirdly, it discusses specific and topical human rights including freedom of expression and religion, security, health and more controversial rights such as a human right to subsistence. The final part discusses nuanced critical and reformative views on human rights from feminist, Kantian and relativist perspectives among others. The essays represent new and canonical research by leading scholars in the field. Each section comprises of a set of essays and replies, offering a comprehensive analysis of different positions within the debate in question, with an introduction from the editors to guide researchers and students navigating the diversity of views on the philosophical foundations of human rights.
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account of human Allen Buchanan approach argue argument autonomy basic activities Basic Rights Beitz Capabilities Approach citizens claim conception of human concern context Court democratic desert domestic duties enforcement equal ethics example foundation foundationalism freedom of religion Fundamental Conditions global Griffin ground human rights hate speech human dignity human rights law Idea of Human important individual innate right institutions interests international human rights international law international legal human interpretation James Griffin Jeremy Waldron John Rawls Joseph Raz justice justified Kant Kant’s Kantian legal human rights Liao liberal liberty rights limits moral rights natural rights negative rights notion object one’s Oxford University Press person philosophical political principle proportionality protect question Rawls reason religious requires respect right to democracy right to health right to security right-holders role Ronald Dworkin self-determination sense Shue social society specific status Tasioulas threat tion torture UDHR violation Waldron