Origins and Evolution of Behavior Disorders: From Infancy to Early Adult Life

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Harvard University Press, 1987 - 327 Seiten
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Beginning in 1956, Stella Chess and Alexander Thomas tracked the lives of 133 children from infancy to young adulthood, examining in detail their psychological development over a twenty-five-year period. The result was the groundbreaking New York Longitudinal Study. This book, first published in 1984, presents a complete report of the study, including analyses of the data and exploration of such fundamental questions as gender differences, antecedents of adult behavior patterns, and factors that contribute to depression and other disorders. Special emphasis is given to the clinical evaluation and treatment of patients with behavioral abnormalities. The authors discuss key findings: the important role of parental guidance, the continuities and discontinuities across developmental stages, the crucial effects of temperament on psychological development, and the usefulness of a âeoegoodness of fitâe model for understanding the relationship between person and environment and for describing the evolution of behavior disorders.
 

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Inhalt

The Need for Longitudinal Studies
5
Sources of Data and Methods of Data Collection
24
Subject and Parent Ratings
41
QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS
43
The Clinical Sample Over Time
52
Approach to Quantitative Data Analysis
61
Correlations Between
68
Correlations Between
81
Evolution of Behavior Disorders
203
Symptom Choice
218
Adolescent Issues
229
PRACTICAL AND THEORETICAL IMPLICATIONS
249
Parent Guidance
251
A LifeSpan Perspective
261
Theoretical and Practical Implications
273
What We Know What We Dont Know
287

Sex Differences
89
Summary and Overview of the Quantitative Analyses
96
Approach to Qualitative Data Analysis
103
High and LowRisk Subjects at Three Years and Early Adult Outcome
110
Childhood Antecedents of Early Adult Adjustment
130
Six Cases of Depression in Childhood and Adolescence
148
Three Cases of Brain Damage
164
Origins of Behavior Disorders
183
APPENDICES
295
A Early Adult Life Interview Protocol for Subjects
297
B Adjustment Rating Scale from 3Year Parent Interview
302
Global Adaptation ScoreEarly Adult Age Period
306
Bibliography
309
Index
319
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