Jewish Women Philosophers of First-Century Alexandria: Philo's 'Therapeutae' Reconsidered

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OUP Oxford, 20.11.2003 - 434 Seiten
The first-century ascetic Jewish philosophers known as the 'Therapeutae', described in Philo's treatise De Vita Contemplativa, have often been considered in comparison with early Christians, the Essenes, and the Dead Sea Scrolls. This study, which includes a new translation of De Vita Contemplativa, focuses particularly on issues of historical method, rhetoric, women, and gender, and comes to new conclusions about the nature of the group and its relationship with the allegorical school of exegesis in Alexandria. Joan E. Taylor argues that the group represents the tip of an iceberg in terms of ascetic practices and allegorical exegesis, and that the women described point to the presence of other Jewish women philosophers in Alexandria in the first century CE. Members of the group were 'extreme allegorizers' in following a distinctive calendar, not maintaining usual Jewish praxis, and concentrating their focus on attaining a trance-like state in which a vision of God's light was experienced. Their special 'feast' was configured in terms of service at a Temple, in which both men and women were priestly attendants of God.
 

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Inhalt

Philos De Vita Contemplativa in Historical Context
21
The NameTherapeutaeand the Essenes
54
The Geographical and Social Locations
74
The Philosophia of loudaismos
105
Allegory and Asceticism
126
A Solar Calendar
154
Paradigms of Women in Discourses on Philosophia
173
Women and Sex in De Vita Contemplativa
227
Gendered Space
265
Moses Miriam and Music
311
Conclusion
341
Partial translation of Philo of Alexandria
349
De Migratione Abrahami 8696 Francis
359
Bibliography
365
Index of Greek Terms 3 91
391
Urheberrecht

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Über den Autor (2003)

Joan E.Taylor is Adjunct Senior Lecturer in the Department of Philosophy and Religious Studies at Waikato University, Hamilton, New Zealand and Honorary Research Fellow at University College London.

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