In Search of Flexibility: The New Soviet Labour Market

Cover
Guy Standing
International Labour Organization, 1991 - 440 Seiten
Perestroika in the Soviet Union has necessitated a radical transformation of the labour market. This book encompasses a broad range of views of labour policy-makers and economists from the USSR and abroad. It analyzes recent developments in employment, unemployment, wages and social protection.
 

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Inhalt

Introduction Guy Standing
1
The role of new cooperatives in the Soviet economy Domenico
15
Problems and perspectives
19
The new employment policy in the USSR Valeri F Kolosov
45
A new employment concept in Soviet labour legislation Yevgeni
63
Labour surplus and labour shortage in the USSR Vladimir
81
Regulating employment in the context of mobility Alexander
107
State employment programmes in the light of the new Law
121
Legal tactics and economic practice
289
Conclusion
292
Mario Nuti
295
General features of cooperative enterprises
298
Pre1987 Soviet policy towards cooperatives
299
The new cooperative regime 198788
300
The new Soviet cooperatives in practice 198990
310
Supply response and labour redeployment
312

Labour market problems and developments in the Republics
145
Its role
165
Recent and prospective trends in Soviet wage determination
177
Implications for wage variation
188
Market measures
190
Policy alternatives if differentiation is deemed too great
191
Conclusions prospects
194
Labour incentives in alternative forms of production Tatyana Tchetvernina
203
The practice of real socialism and levelling ideology
205
Two models of cost accounting
208
Labour incentives and property
212
Looking for new forms and methods of distribution
214
Incentives to labour under leasing
216
The trade union view Vladimir Veretennikov
221
Measures to restructure payrate schemes
222
Trends in wage and income differentials
225
The evolution of forms and systems of labour remuneration
231
The Soviet trade unions position on wage and income differentials
233
Nonwage labour costs in the USSR and the role of trade unions Michael Taylor
237
Trade unions and welfare
239
Welfare issues
243
Current distribution
249
Distribution and trade unions
253
Conclusion
256
The future role of trade unions Georgy Kanaev
259
The impact of perestroika
261
The trade union response
264
The need for social guarantees
272
Alternative trade unions
274
The growth of cooperatives in the Soviet Union Tamara Kuznetsova
277
The role of cooperatives in economic restructuring
281
New features in cooperative development
283
A tentative assessment
314
The link with employment Mikhail Bermant and Marina Feonova
319
The context of education and training reforms
324
The problems involved
327
Conclusions
335
The Swedish experience Rudolph Meidner
339
The volume and potential of Swedish labour market policy
341
The administration of labour market policy in Sweden
345
Employment service and labour market programmes
347
Experiences of company closures
353
Evaluation of labour market policy programmes
356
Conclusions and recommendations
358
Towards economic democracy and labour flexibility? An era of experimentation Guy Standing
363
Regulated markets
364
The deregulated market model of the 1980s
366
Labour market regulations for the 1990s
371
Unemployment and the right to work
376
The future of active labour market policy
381
Some dilemmas
384
Training and humanresource oriented enterprises
385
Towards economic democracy and cooperative flexibility
389
Concluding points
394
An assessment of Soviet labour statistics Iraida Manykina
401
Labour resources in the USSR
402
Characteristics of the labour force
405
The balance of labour resources
411
New directions and methods in the analysis of labour statistics
413
Annexes
419
List of participants
421
Text of the Fundamentals of Employment Legislation of the USSR and the Union Republics 1991
427
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